Artisans in Europe, 1300-1914
This book is a survey of the history of work in general and of European urban artisans in particular, from the late middle ages to the era of industrialization. Unlike traditional histories of work and craftsmen, this book offers a multi-faceted understanding of artisan experience situated in the artisans' culture. It treats economic and institutional topics, but also devotes considerable attention to the changing ideologies of work, the role of government regulation in the world of work, the social history of craftspeople, the artisan in rebellion against the various authorities in his world, and the ceremonial and leisure life of artisans. Women, masters, journeymen, apprentices, and non-guild workers all receive substantial treatment. The book concludes with a chapter on the nineteenth century, examining the transformation of artisan culture, exploring how and why the early modern craftsman became the industrial wage-worker, mechanic or shopkeeper of the modern age.
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The meaning of work ideology and organization
The craft economy
Authority and resistance I artisans in the polity
Authority and resistance II masters and journeymen
Ceremonies festivals taverns and games
Epilogue artisans in the era of industrial capitalism
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activity apprentices artisans authorities bakers became brotherhoods called capital changes cities clearly cloth collective confraternities constitutional construction continued corporate council course craft craftsmen Culture demand Dijon discipline early modern economic eighteenth century elite employed England especially Europe European everywhere evidence example fifteenth followed force France French Germany guild hierarchy historians History household Illustration important increased increasingly independent industry instance Italy journeymen Kaplan labor late less livres London luxury manufacture masters mastership meaning medieval merchants Middle Ages municipal nature officers organization Paris percent period play political population practice production Quoted ranks regime regulation relatively rules sector sense seventeenth century shoemakers similar sixteenth century skill social society sometimes specialization status tailors textile tion town trades traditional turn urban usually wages wealth women workers workshop York
Página 257 - prentices, bakers, brewers, butchers, draymen, and what not ; and all these fellows one with another cursing and betting. I soon had enough of it.