Artisans in Europe, 1300-1914

Cambridge University Press, 17 de ago. de 2000 - 306 páginas
This book is a survey of the history of work in general and of European urban artisans in particular, from the late middle ages to the era of industrialization. Unlike traditional histories of work and craftsmen, this book offers a multi-faceted understanding of artisan experience situated in the artisans' culture. It treats economic and institutional topics, but also devotes considerable attention to the changing ideologies of work, the role of government regulation in the world of work, the social history of craftspeople, the artisan in rebellion against the various authorities in his world, and the ceremonial and leisure life of artisans. Women, masters, journeymen, apprentices, and non-guild workers all receive substantial treatment. The book concludes with a chapter on the nineteenth century, examining the transformation of artisan culture, exploring how and why the early modern craftsman became the industrial wage-worker, mechanic or shopkeeper of the modern age.

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The meaning of work ideology and organization
The craft economy
The workplace
Authority and resistance I artisans in the polity
Authority and resistance II masters and journeymen
Ceremonies festivals taverns and games
Epilogue artisans in the era of industrial capitalism
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Página 257 - prentices, bakers, brewers, butchers, draymen, and what not ; and all these fellows one with another cursing and betting. I soon had enough of it.
Página 257 - It is rather a stepping out of "real" life into a temporary sphere of activity with a disposition all of its own.
Página 257 - Johan Huizinga, Homo Ludens: A Study of the Play-Element in Culture (Boston: Beacon Press, 1955), 7.

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