Asbestiform Fibers: Nonoccupational Health Risks

Front Cover
Much of the more than 30 million tons of asbestos used in the United States since 1900 is still present as insulation in offices and schools, as vinyl-asbestos flooring in homes, and in other common products. This volume presents a comprehensive evaluation of the relation of these fibers to specific diseases and the extent of nonoccupational risks associated with them. It covers sources of asbestiform fibers, properties of the fibers, and carcinogenic and fibrogenic risks they pose.
 

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Contents

Executive Summary
1
1 Introduction
16
Historical Background Terminology and Physicochemical Properties
25
3 Assessing Nonoccupational Exposures to Asbestiform Fibers
48
4 Measurement of Exposure to Asbestiform Fibers
82
5 Effects of Asbestiform Fibers on Human Health
97
6 Laboratory Studies of the Effects of Asbestiform Fibers
165
7 Risk Assessment
200
Appendix B Natural and Synthetic Fibrous Substances and Some of their Known Biological Effects
244
Appendix C FiberQuality Parameters of Selected Asbestos Whisker and Glass Fibers
253
Appendix D Conceptual Model of Fiber Exposure
261
Appendix E Epidemiological Studies Among Cohorts Exposed To Asbestos
267
Appendix F Effects of Administering Asbestiform Fibers to Animals
300
Appendix G Development of Some Equations Used for Quantitative Risk Assessment
311
Appendix H Comparative Risk Assessment Score Sheets
314
Appendix I Background Information on Members of the Committee on Nonoccupational Health Risks of Asbestiform Fibers
332

Appendix A Asbestos Exposure and Human Disease Hallmark Observations and Studies From 1898 to 1979
237

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