Asia's Innovation Systems in Transition
The success of Asian economies (first Japan, then Taiwan, South Korea, Singapore, Hong Kong and, more recently, China and India) has made it tempting to look for an Asian model of development. However, the strength of Asian development lies less in strate
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2 Opportunities for Asian countries to catch up with knowledgebased competition
the case of the Indian IT service industry
insights from India and Indonesia
5 Thailands national innovation system in transition
challenges of regional integration and promotion of high technology
7 The Indonesian innovation system at a crossroads
8 Performance and sources of industrial innovation in Koreas innovation system
9 Advance of sciencebased industries and the changing innovation system of Japan
are there any lessons for ASEAN newcomers?
Singapores pathway to hightech development
12 Policy learning as a key process in the transformation of the Chinese innovation systems
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aﬀected ASEAN Asia Asian beneﬁts capital cent China Chinese Chinese Indonesian clusters collaboration companies competences competition Cyberport developing countries diﬀerent diﬃcult diﬀusion economic development Economic Development Board eﬀective eﬃciency eﬀorts electronics export factors ﬁelds ﬁnance ﬁnancial ﬁrms ﬁrst global growth Hong Kong Hong Kong’s innovation important India Indonesia inﬂuence infrastructure initiatives institutions interaction Japan knowledge knowledge-based Korea labour linkages locations Lundvall manufacturing ment million NASSCOM national innovation system national systems networks nomic NSSI oﬀer oﬀshoring organizations outsourcing Oxford patents policy learning political production proﬁt promote R&D activities R&D expenditure reﬂected reform regional role Science and Technology Science Park scientiﬁc shrimp shrimp farming signiﬁcant Singapore Singapore Science Park Singapore’s SMEs sources speciﬁc start-ups strategy suppliers systems of innovation Taiwan tech technological capability Technology Policy Thai Thailand tion trade transition transnational communities value-added World Bank
Page 6 - Borras, 1999) is based upon the hypothesis that over the last decades an acceleration of both knowledge creation and knowledge destruction has taken place. Individuals and institutions need to renew their competencies more often than before, because the problems they face change more rapidly. And at the same time the segments of society affected by accelerating change have grown considerably. Therefore, in a wide set of economic activities what constitutes success is not so much having access to...