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Afghan Altai amongst Amur Anatolia Arabia Aral Armenian Asia Asiatic bank basin Bengal branches British Burma capital Caspian Caucasia Caucasus Central centre chief China Chinese climate coast comprises delta desert district east eastern eastwards Eiver elevation empire Erzerum especially Euphrates European Eussian extreme feet fertile flowing formerly forms frontier Gulf Herat highlands hills Himalayas Hindu Hindu-Kush Hoang-ho India Indus inhabitants Iranian Iranian plateau island Japan Kabul Kandahar Kirghiz Kuku-nor Kulja Lake Lake Balkhash land lowlands mainly Mashhad Mekhong Mongol Mongolia mountain Muhammadan native nearly Nejd north-east north-west northern northwards numerous occupied Oxus peninsula Persian plains plateau political population present province race range region ridges rises river route running Siberia slopes south-east southern southwards square miles steppe streams stretches tableland Tarim basin thence Tian-shan Tibet Tibetan towns tracts trade tribes Turkestan Turkoman uplands valley vast water-parting western westwards whole Yang-tse Yenisei
Page 711 - Mongolian mother-tongue in the sense in which there was a primitive Aryan mother-tongue. The common ancestors of Japanese, Chinese. Tungusian, and Mongol never at any time lived together in one great society, welded into a unit by community of language, traditions, and customs, as was the case with the common ancestors of Roman, Teuton, and Hindu. On the contrary, the aboriginal yellow men must have roamed about in detached tribes, like the blacks of Australia or the red men of America, with half-formed...
Page 622 - ... The eyebrows are full, and form a straight line nearly across the face. The eyes are large, tolerably deeply set, and very beautiful, the colour a rich liquid brown, the expression singularly soft, and the eyelashes long, silky, and abundant. The skin has the Italian olive tint, but in most cases is thin, and light enough to show the changes of colour in the cheek. The teeth are small, regular, and very white; the incisors and "eye teeth...
Page 315 - The number of temples is very great, mostly small and stuck like shrines in the angles of the streets, and under the shadow of the lofty houses. Their forms, however, are not ungraceful, and...
Page 711 - With such divergent careers as these, we need not expect to find evidence of linguistic community among the different branches of the yellow race. If we find one set of linguistic phenomena in China, and a totally different set in Japan, and yet another set among the barbarous Mongols and Tunguses, this is no more than we might have expected. We need not expect to find such phenomena as the coordinate divergence of French and Italian from a common Latin mother-tongue, or of Latin and Sanskrit from...
Page 620 - I saw a dog eating a piece of carrion in the presence of several of these covetous birds. They evidently said a great deal to each other on the subject, and now and then one or two of them tried to pull the meat away from him, which he resented.
Page 711 - Aryan and Semitic worlds we do not find such conditions, save in a few sporadic cases. On the contrary, we find just such a state of things as would follow from the isolated independent development of a number of languages, either without any original kinship, or with the original kinship blurred and destroyed almost from the very beginning.
Page 705 - Speech as an organism, a living growth, must eonform to the fundamental laws of evolution from the simple to the complex, from the homogeneous to the heterogeneous — that is, from isolation to
Page 206 - Kelat, and although the change was at first followed by disturbances, it has had the effect of somewhat consolidating the Khan's authority, and thus barring the further progress of Persia in this direction. The Khan or Mir of Kelat, who belongs, not to the Baluch, but to the Brahui stock, concluded a treaty in 1877 with England, in virtue of which he has become a feudatory of the Empress of India. The right had already been secured of occupying at pleasure the mountain passes between Kelat and Afghanistan....
Page 133 - When they plunder caravans travelling through their territories they consider it as reprisals on the Turks and Persians, who often make inroads into their country and carry away their corn and their flocks."1 Amongst themselves and towards all placed under their protection their sense of honour and trustworthiness are beyond suspicion.
Page 182 - ... &c., all of which we know are of peculiar importance in a scientific point of view ! Between Robat-Shu and Toon is a dreary country, where a struggle seems to be going on between the sand and the rocky hills and ridges, the former trying — and succeeding fast — to cover the latter up. The country is in fact in the process of changing from a series of rocky ridges to one of undulating sandy wastes. Yesterday's march showed the sand triumphant ; to-day the rocks are still fighting on. This...