Asian Pacific Phycology in the 21st Century: Prospects and Challenges: Prospects and Challenges : Proceedings of the Second Asian Pacific Phycological Forum, Held in Hong Kong, China, 21-25 June 1999

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Put O. Ang
Springer Science & Business Media, 2004 - Science - 278 pages
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People from the Asian Pacific region were among the first in the world to utilize algae for various purposes. References to algae have been found in Chinese classic writings dating back some 2500 years ago. It is perhaps no surprise that the traditional focus on algae in the region has been on their potential as a resource. The Asian Pacific is now the world's largest algal production region. From freshwater to marine environments, from microalgae to macroalgae (seaweeds), through natural harvest or through farming or polyculture, in indoor tanks or outdoor ponds, algal biomass is being produced by the millions of tons annually. Not to mention all the other associated industries, from food manufacturing and chemical extraction to pharmaceutical, nutraceutical and industrial product development, the entire algae related industry is certainly one of the most vital in the region. There is a continued and sustained interest in the expanded use of algae and the application of algae as a tool in biotechnology. Not withstanding the focus on the economic potential of algae, there is also a greater focus on the role of algae in the environment, not simply as primary producers, but also as structuring forces in the community. There is the question of algae as sources of various toxins during algal blooms, as well as the potential of algae as scavengers of excess nutrients under eutrophication. More and more researchers have also turned to algae as a tool in experimental biology and as a model to understand biological phenomena. All this diversity in interests and focuses could only be linked together simply because they are all related to algae.Collected in this special volume are 36 invited andcontributed papers first presented at the Second Asian Pacific Phycological Forum held at the Chinese University of Hong Kong at the turn of the century. These papers were subsequently updated to bring to fore the latest dev
 

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Contents

The culture of marine ecology
1
The past present and future of phycology in China
11
Molecular biotechnology of marine algae in China
21
Microalgal studies for the 21st Century
27
an overview
33
Mass production of Spirulina an edible microalga
39
Current microalgal health food R D activities in China
45
Spatial pattern of intertidal macroalgal assemblages associated with tidal levels
49
Mass culture of Undaria gametophyte clones and their use in sporeling culture
153
Karyology and sex determination in Aglaothamnion oosumiense Itono Ceramiaceae Rhodophyta
157
Cytological damage to the red alga Griffithsia pacifica from ultraviolet radiation
165
The first spindle formation in brown algal zygotes
171
The generic delimitation ofRhodella Porphyridiales Rhodophyta with emphasis on ultrastructure and molecular phylogeny
177
Four new species of the Genera Eudesme and Sphaerotrichia Chordariaceae Heterokontophyta from the Chinese Coast
185
Studies on four new species of the malacocarpic Sargassum Sargassaceae Heterokontophyta in China
193
Studies on Chinese species of Gelidiella and Pterocladiella Gelidiales Rhodophyta
201

A shortterm response of macroalgae to potential competitor removal in a midintertidal habitat in Korea
57
Seasonal occurrence and reproduction of Hypnea charoides Rhodophyta in Tung Ping Chau NT Hong Kong SAR China
63
Biomass production of two Sargassum species at Cape Rachado Malaysia
79
a high quality food resource for intertidal grazers
89
Early stages of biofilm succession in a lentic freshwater environment
97
Laboratory studies on adhesion of microalgae to hard substrates
109
Growth and production of Thai agarophyte cultured in natural pond using the effluent seawater from shrimp culture
117
Seedling production using enzymatically isolated thallus cells and its application in Porphyra cultivation
127
High monosporeproducing mutants obtained by treatment with MNNG in Porphyra yezoensis Ueda Bangiales Rhodophyta
133
An improved chromosome preparation from male gametophyte of Laminaria japonica Heterokontophyta
141
Solving the coastal eutrophication problem by large scale seaweed cultivation
145
Some observations on harmful algal bloom HAB events along the coast of Guangdong southern China in 1998
209
The effects of nutrients and their ratios on phytoplankton abundance in Junk Bay Hong Kong
215
Harmful algal bloom causative collected from Hong Kong waters
231
Crossing test among floating Ulva thalli forming green tide in Japan
239
Taxonomic and ecological profile of green tide species of Ulva Ulvales Chlorophyta in central Philippines
247
Inorganic ion compositions in brown algae with special reference to sulfuric acid ion accumulations
255
Preliminary studies on the chemical characterization and antihyperlipidemic activity of polysaccharide from the brown alga Sargassum fusiforme
263
Hepatoprotective effect of seaweeds methanol extract against carbon tetrachlorideinduced poisoning in rats
267
Hypnea charoides and Hypnea japonica in growing rats
271
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