Aspect and Modality in Kwa Languages
Felix K. Ameka, Mary Esther Kropp Dakubu
John Benjamins Publishing, 2008 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 333 pages
This book explores the thesis that in the Kwa languages of West Africa, aspect and modality are more central to the grammar of the verb than tense. Where tense marking has emerged it is invariably in the expression of the future, and therefore concerned with the impending actualization or potentiality of an event, hence with modality, rather than the purely temporal sequencing associated with tense. The primary grammatical contrasts are perfective versus imperfective. The main languages discussed are Akan, Dangme, Ewe, Ga and Tuwuli while Nzema-Ahanta, Likpe and Eastern Gbe are also mentioned. Knowledge about these languages has deepened considerably during the past decade or so and ideas about their structure have changed. The volume therefore presents novel analyses of grammatical forms like the so-called S-Aux-O-V-Other or future constructions, and provides empirical data for theorizing about aspect and modality. It should be of considerable interest to Africanist linguists, typologists, and creolists interested in substrate issues.
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Accra adverbial affix African Languages Akan Ameka Anlo aorist aspect aspectual aspectual phrase auxiliary verbs be.at be.at:PRES Boadi clause COMPL complement Comrie constituent context Dakubu Dangme deictic Deixis downstepped Essegbey event verb example expressed fufu function future tense gerund grammatical grammaticalization Habitual head verb Heine high tone imperative imperfective inchoative Indicative inland dialects interpretation irrealis Kofi kple Kwa languages lexical Linguistics locative low tone marked marker meaning modal mood morpheme negation negative nominalized VP noun object occur Osam paradigm past Perfect perfective aspect periphrastic pheme phonological plural postposition potential pre-verb preceded predicates prefix present present-imperfective present-progressive progressive and prospective pronoun PROSP prospective construction REALIS reduplicated reference S/he semantic sentence serial construction serial verb constructions situation speaker specified Stative structure subjunctive SUBJV suffix syllable syntactic temporal tion tive Tuwuli verb stem verbal vowel yi go