Aspect and Predication: The Semantics of Argument Structure

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Clarendon Press, 1997 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 250 pages
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This book investigates the systematic correspondences between syntactic structure and semantic interpretation in the domain of predicate-argument relationships. It takes as its starting point the striking effects of nominal argument interpretation on aspectual semantics, pursuing the intuition that these effects are not quirky or exceptional, but are in fact the most visible reflexes of a more pervasive and systematic interaction between the aspectual event structure of a predicate and its arguments. The Scottish Gaelic language is the empirical base of the investigation, as it exhibits a set of predicational structures which interact in a highly visible way with its aspectual system. The book provides a detailed working out of a semantic system of argument classification which moves away from lexically-driven thematic roles in the traditional sense and towards a more constrained, syntactically motivated, set of primitives.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Background to Scottish Gaelic
19
Aspectual Constructions in Scottish Gaelic
37
Nominal Interpretation and Casemarking
75
The Interned Roles
115
Aspect and the Verbal Noun
145
The External Argument
177
Conclusion
213
A Appendix
221
References
239
Index
247
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About the author (1997)

Gillian Catriona Ramchand is a lecturer in General Linguistics at Oxford University.

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