Aspect and Predication: The Semantics of Argument Structure
This book investigates the systematic correspondences between syntactic structure and semantic interpretation in the domain of predicate-argument relationships. It takes as its starting point the striking effects of nominal argument interpretation on aspectual semantics, pursuing the intuition that these effects are not quirky or exceptional, but are in fact the most visible reflexes of a more pervasive and systematic interaction between the aspectual event structure of a predicate and its arguments. The Scottish Gaelic language is the empirical base of the investigation, as it exhibits a set of predicational structures which interact in a highly visible way with its aspectual system. The book provides a detailed working out of a semantic system of argument classification which moves away from lexically-driven thematic roles in the traditional sense and towards a more constrained, syntactically motivated, set of primitives.
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Alasdair argue argument structure aspectual argument aspectual head aspectual particles aspectual roles AspP assigned assume atelic atomic Be-PRES Calum Bengali bounded boundedness Calum air Calum-DIR case-marked case-marked objects causativise chapter classification conceptual moments construction context correlation corresponding crucial cumulative cut-VN D-structure defined definite denotation direct object distinction English event structure event variable express external argument fact generalised quantifier genitive internal interpretation intransitive iterative kind Krifka labels lexical item linguistic mapping mass nouns morpheme morphological motion verbs nominal non-aspectual notion object position particular path periphrastic phrase structure possible predicate predicational structures pronoun push the cart quantized referential relationship representation role type Scottish Gaelic semantic semantically external sense sentence set terminal point SGaelic specific stage level stative stative verbs strong structural subevent syntactic syntax telic temporal trace Tha Calum thematic relations thematic role theory transitive transitive verbs tree verbal noun weak structural