Aspect and Reference Time
Aspect and Reference Time investigates the temporal structure of language. It deals with central issues in the understanding of tense and aspect, proposes a new approach to the main problems in the area, and seeks to establish the universal semantic properties of two important and contentious aspectual categories, perfectivity and imperfectivity.
Dr Borik develops an original theory of aspect. She shows how this accounts for aspectual categories in Russian, and that it can used to compare Russian to other languages where similar aspectual issues arise. She devotes particular attention to English, a language which appears to have no grammatical categories of perfectivity and imperfectivity. She argues that the semantic properties established for the Russian tense-aspect system are reflected in English, and reveals parallels in the expression of temporal and aspectual information in the two languages.
Aspect and Reference Time will interest all scholars of the syntax, semantics, and pragmatics of aspect and tense. The author's clear exposition and cross-linguistic approach make it a useful basis for courses at graduate level.
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The telicity approach
testing the hypothesis
The point of view approach
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actual present interpretation adverbial modification Aktionsart analysis argued aspect in Russian aspectual differences atelic predicates Chapter configuration corresponds definition of telicity derived determined differences in Russian discussed E-R relation English eventuality described eventuality type examples Filip formulated given Hinrichs hour imperfective aspect intuition John Kamp and Reyle knigu Krifka lexical linguistic lived in Amsterdam Mary means modern Russian modified morphological tense narrative discourse non-past forms non-past tense notion of viewpoint Old Russian overlap Partee participle past perfect past tense perfect tense perfective and imperfective perfective forms perfective verb forms periphrastic perspective Petja present perfect present perfect tense problem progressive entailment progressive test properties quantized R-time movement Reference Reichenbach Reinhart's system relevant representation Russian aspect Section semantic simple past Slavic languages stative sentences subinterval Swart telic and atelic telic predicates telicity tests temporal expressions temporal interpretation temporal interval tense forms tense morphology tense system Verkuyl viewpoint aspect
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