Aspects of the Grammar of Focus: A Minimalist View
The book examines the aspects of focus within the recent minimalist paradigm. Focus is viewed here as a grammar's response to the requirements of the systems external to (narrowly defined) language. Thus, the properties of focus are explored at the two interfaces: syntax-phonology and syntax-semantics. The book surveys some recent views on the interface and left-periphery status of focus. With respect to the semantics of focus, the book argues for its tripartite division into: information, non-exhaustive identification, and exhaustive identification. It further contains a proposal of the phase-based derivation of sentences featuring focus in English, and finally, offers an account of Polish, in which focus interestingly correlates with the phenomenon of scrambling.
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adjunct adverb alternative analysis anaphoric Ania spotkala argues argument assigned c-command C-I system Chomsky clause cleft sentence clitic cognate object component context derivation discourse discussed element embedded constituent emphatic EPP feature Erteschik-Shir escape hatch example exhaustive identification f-structure FocP focus feature focus movement focus sentences focus structure focused phrase formulation function grammar head hence identificational focus information focus instances interface condition involving Jack Jill John Kiss language left periphery lexical lexical stress main stress Marka marked Mary metrical tree minimalist narrow syntax nuclear stress object operation option outer Spec overt phonological phonological phrase Pied Piping pitch accent placement polarity focus position possible postulated predicted probe-goal pronoun properties proposal prosodic quantifier question raised relation relevant representation represented rheme Rizzi scope scrambling semantic sentence stress Spec.vP stress grid stress shift theta role transferred to PF unmarked verb vP phase word order