Aspects of the linear and magnetic circular dichroism of planar organic molecules
This book establishes and communicates a scientific approach to the analysis, design and management of complex information systems enabled services. Case studies illustrate how the techniques described can be employed in large scale, real world examples that are developed to match the theoretical and practical presentation. The authors reframe the problem of analyzing a complex service system from an `understand the system' view to an `understand it under control' perspective. This fundamental change recognizes that service systems are largely constructed and should be treated differently from natural systems, something that has typically been ignored in the past. By shifting to a view in which the systems dynamics over the full range of significant factors -- people, the economic and physical environments, as well as technology options -- are understood, many of the pitfalls that have sunk large projects in the past can be avoided.
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INTERPRETATION OF THE OBSERVED SPECTRA 1250
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absorption spectrum acenaphthylene alignment alternant hydrocarbons alternant pairing symmetry angle anthracene applications approximation assignment assumed assumption Ax(X Az(X CALC calculated Chem Chemistry chromophores CN CN CN corresponding crystal methods determined dichroic dichroic ratio dichroism E.W. Thulstrup electronic transitions Euler angle excited experimental EZ(X fluoranthene fluorescence polarization forbidden transitions Fraser-Beer model intensity ir-electron large number LD and MCD LD spectroscopy Linderberg liquid crystal low symmetry molecules magnetic magnetic circular dichroism matrix elements MCD B-terms MCD signs MCD spectra Michl molecular plane Norden obtained orbital orientation axis orientation constants orientation distribution function orientation triangle oriented samples p-terphenyl pages ISBN parameters perpendicular Phys planar molecules planar organic molecules polarized transitions polyethylene polymer possible purely polarized pyrene reduced spectra rod-like orientation solvents stretch ratio stretching direction substituent Tanizaki's model theoretical thiophene tion transition energies transition moment directions values vibronic wavefunctions y-polarized