Aspects of the Morphology and Phonology of Konni, Issue 141
This study combines a descriptive and theoretical presentation of K nni, a Gur language of northern Ghana. It presents an Optimality Theory analysis of the entire phonological system. The description of noun morphology includes the noun class system, the reduplicative agentive noun construction, noun-adjective complexes, and derived nouns. Verbal morphology is comprised of various aspectual suffixes. The phonological description is separate from the formal OT analysis in order to facilitate use by those with descriptive interests as well as theoretical. The book includes major sections on consonants, vowels, and tone. It also includes a brief syntax sketch, co-occurrence restrictions, phoneme frequency counts, phonetic measurements of segment durations and vowel formants, as well as seven appendices of data. Some specific notes of interest: Some phonology is limited to only certain noun classes, A pervasive 9-vowel ATR vowel system is analyzed, to which dipthongization has an integral tie, Some vowels assimilate only across consonants with the same place feature, The existence of [H!H] on a single TBU is documented, Tonal perturbations demand four different underlying representations for different nouns which all have a surface [LH], True tonal polarity, distinct from dissimilation, is argued for, Two cases of syntax-phonology interface occur in the vowel system. Michael Cahill received his Ph.D. in Linguistics from The Ohio State University in 1999. Having worked with SIL since 1982 and worked on-site with the K nni-speaking people from 1986 to 1993. He was a member of the LSA's Committee on Endangered Languages and their Preservation from 2001-2003, chairing it in 2003. He is an adjunct faculty member of the University of Texas at Arlington and of the Graduate Institute of Applied Linguistics and is currently serving as the International Linguistics Coordinator of SIL.
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adjacent adjective Align ATR assimilation associative ATR spread ATR value Buli Cahill citation form closed clusters compound consonant constraint context contour coronal cross-linguistic daga Dagaare dampala definite suffix deleting Dep cor Dep(V diphthongization discussed in section dors dorsal downstep epenthesis epenthetic vowel fatally violates floating floating tone glottal stop Gur languages H L H H-Spread High tone high vowel identical ideophones imperfective imperfective aspect input inserted intervocalic kaanf kagba Kanni Konni labial labial-velar lexical item long vowel loses Low tone Max(Assoc Max(ATR Max(C mid vowels mirj S/he morpheme nan df nasal non-ATR noun class noun stem occur output particles phonetic phonology place feature plural suffix Polar present prohibited pronoun ranked sequence singular definite straints suffix syllable syntactic tableau thing third-person tion tonal pattern toneless tree sp underlying underlying representation undominated verb vowel harmony winning candidate word word-initial