Assault on Rural Poverty: The Case of Ethiopia

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University Press of America, 2001 - Business & Economics - 180 pages
In Assault on Rural Poverty, Haileleul Getahun analyzes the various causes of rural poverty and constraints impeding increased agricultural productivity during the last four decades in Ethiopia, under three different regimes. Getahun examines the feudalistic system under Emperor Haile Selassie, the command economic system of the military junta led by Mengistu Haile Mariam, and the current capitalist system of the Federal Republic of Ethiopia led by Meles Zenawi. Getahun discusses the lessons drawn from Ethiopian experience during these three regimes, as well as from other African and Asian countries. These provide the basis for recommending a small farmer-led agricultural and rural development strategy that, if implemented, would alleviate rural poverty in Ethiopia. The author maintains that the keys for successful development are the provision of institutional savings and credit for small-scale farmers and small business owners; the deep involvement of the community in project planning, implementation, evaluation and sharing of the benefits; and the use of development support communication for motivation, information dissemination, and training. Getahun argues strongly that ethnic politics in Ethiopia are destructive to Ethiopian society and militates against sustainable development. Rather, the path to peace and sustainable development requires that ethnic politics be scrapped and replaced by a genuinely democratic and widely acceptable system of governance.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
12 What Should be Done
5
13 This Study
6
Historical Background
11
22 Population Growth
12
23 Urbanization
13
24 Land Tenure
14
25 Environmental Degradation
17
82 Sources of Rural Credit in Ethiopia
105
83 The Problem of Lending to Small Farmers
108
84 Credit Delivery Methodology
110
85 Informal Savings and Loan Associations
112
Participatory Development
115
92 Obstacles to the Participatory Development Approach
116
93 Involving Rural People in Participatory Development
118
94 Grassroots Organizations
121

Rural Poverty
21
32 The FoodPopulation Equation
23
34 Health and Nutrition
26
35 Other Indicators of Poverty
27
The 1960 Abortive Coup Detat and its Aftermath
33
42 Policies and Priorities in Agriculture
43
PostImperial Development Crises The Derg Era 19741991
51
52 Resettlement
56
53 Villagization
57
54 State Farms
58
55 Agricultural Producer Cooperatives
60
PostDerg Development Crises The EPRDF Era 19911999
69
61 Economic Policies
72
62 Land Policies
73
63 Annexation of New Lands
75
64 Ethnic RegionalismFederalism
77
The African and Regional Development Context
83
71 The Lagos Plan of Action for Africa
85
72 The World Banks Agenda for Action
87
73 The World Banks From Crisis to Sustainable Growth
88
74 The ECAs Special Memorandum on Africas Economic and Social Crisis
89
The Challenge of Economic Recovery and Accelerated Development
90
Africas Food Security Crisis
94
77 Donor Trends and Issues in Africa
95
78 An Alternative Development Strategy
97
79 The Importance of Smallholder Agriculture
98
Agricultural Credit in the Rural Subsistence Sector
103
81 Savings Mobilization
104
95 Collaboration between Government and Grassroots Organizations
122
96 The Ethiopian Experience with Grassroots Organizations
124
97 A Methodology for Promotion of Participatory Development
126
Development Support Communication
131
101 Development Support Communication in Rural Development
134
102 Development Support Communication Activities
136
103 Transfer of Technology visavis Knowledge Utilization
137
104 Needs Assessment and Audience Analysis
139
105 Target Groups in Ethiopia
141
106 DSC CapacityBuilding in Ethiopia
145
Conclusion a Strategy and Interventions to Alleviate Rural Poverty
149
112 A Strategy for Poverty Alleviation
153
113 Interventions Required to Alleviate Rural Poverty
155
Rural Savings and Access to Credit
157
Participatory Development Planning and Implementation
158
Development Support Communication
159
Crop Production Technologies
160
Rural Women in Development
161
Saving the Environment
162
Land Tenure
164
Land Resettlement
165
Human Capital Development
166
Relief and Reconstruction Efforts for the Poor
167
Population and Family Planning
168
Ethnic Regionalism
169
Glossary
173
Index
177
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About the author (2001)

Haileleul Getahun has been a consultant to several International agencies including the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, the International Fund For Agricultural Development (IFAD), the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), the World Food Program (WFP), and the World View International Foundation (WIF), a non- governmental Organization. He also had a distinguished career in his native country Ethiopia. Between 1973 -1975 Getahun was Director of the USAID supported Adaa Integrated Rural Development Project until it was interrupted by the 1974 Revolution. Prior to that he was Assistant Minister of Land Reform. Getahun has contributed to numerous national and international conferences, seminars and has been published extensively.

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