Assessing World Bank Support for Trade, 1987-2004: An IEG Evaluation

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World Bank Publications, Mar 14, 2006 - Business & Economics - 246 pages
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An independent evaluation of the World Bank's extensive support to developing countries on trade issues between 1987 and 2004. The study assesses the development effectiveness of World Bank trade-related advocacy, capacity-building, lending and research. It examines the extent to which the Bank's policies and assistance have met its stated objectives in the area of trade and makes recommendations to strengthen the effectiveness of future Bank trade assistance.
 

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Page 42 - Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East and North Africa...
Page xxiv - UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development UNDP United Nations Development Programme UNEP United Nations Environment Programme...
Page 232 - The consensus can be crudely expressed in terms of a number of do's and don'ts: demonopolize trade; streamline the import regime; reduce red tape and implement transparent customs procedures; replace quantitative restrictions with tariffs; avoid extreme variation in tariff rates and excessively high rates of effective protection; allow exporters duty-free access to imported inputs; refrain from large doses of antiexport bias; do not tax export crops too highly.
Page 78 - Organization (UNESCO), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the World Health Organization (WHO), and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), and from these it draws financial or other support.
Page 228 - Country performance is assessed against a set of 16 criteria grouped into four clusters: economic management, structural policies, policies for social inclusion and equity, and public sector management and institutions.
Page 226 - Committee and by the President of the World Bank and the Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund.
Page 56 - ODA directed to activities intended to enhance the ability of the recipient country to formulate and implement a trade development strategy and create an enabling environment for increasing the volume and value added of exports, diversifying export products and markets and increasing foreign investment to generate jobs and trade...
Page xxiii - ... intellectual property rights LAC labor advisory committee MAI Multilateral Agreement on Investment MENA Middle East and North Africa Mercosur Southern Cone Common Market MFA Multi-Fiber Agreement MFFTA most favored FTA MFN most favored nation NAAEC North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement NGO nongovernmental organization NTB nontariff barrier PTA preferential trade arrangement QIZ qualifying industrial zone SACU Southern African Customs Union...
Page 234 - development space' for diversification and upgrading policies in developing countries is being shrunk behind the rhetorical commitment to universal liberalization and privatization. The rules being written into multilateral and bilateral agreements actively prevent developing countries from pursuing the kinds of industrial and technology policies adopted by the newly developed countries of East Asia, and by the older developed countries when they were developing, policies aimed at accelerating the...
Page 77 - Nicaragua is a special case, as it became formally eligible for debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative in 2004 and had much of its debt written off.

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