Assessing World Bank Support for Trade, 1987-2004: An IEG Evaluation
An independent evaluation of the World Bank's extensive support to developing countries on trade issues between 1987 and 2004. The study assesses the development effectiveness of World Bank trade-related advocacy, capacity-building, lending and research. It examines the extent to which the Bank's policies and assistance have met its stated objectives in the area of trade and makes recommendations to strengthen the effectiveness of future Bank trade assistance.
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activities adjustment lending adjustment loans advocacy agenda agricultural analysis analytical Appendix areas assess Bank staff Bank support Bank’s Bank’s trade capacity building Central Asia competitiveness costs country’s customs developing countries Doha East Asia economic growth effective Europe and Central evaluated projects exchange rate export development export growth export promotion external financing fiscal focus focused IEG staff impact implementation important improved increase Independent Evaluation Group Indonesia industrial infrastructure institutional investment Latin America macroeconomic mainstreaming market access ment Morocco Mozambique negotiations objectives operations outcomes percent performance port poverty reduction private sector PRSP reduce regional trade role Satisfactory Senegal Source South Asia strengthen studies Table tariff Technical Assistance tion Trade Assistance Evaluation trade components Trade Department trade facilitation trade issues trade liberalization Trade Note trade policy reform trade reform trade-related projects trading system World Bank World Trade Organization Zambia
Page 42 - Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East and North Africa...
Page 232 - The consensus can be crudely expressed in terms of a number of do's and don'ts: demonopolize trade; streamline the import regime; reduce red tape and implement transparent customs procedures; replace quantitative restrictions with tariffs; avoid extreme variation in tariff rates and excessively high rates of effective protection; allow exporters duty-free access to imported inputs; refrain from large doses of antiexport bias; do not tax export crops too highly.
Page 78 - Organization (UNESCO), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the World Health Organization (WHO), and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), and from these it draws financial or other support.
Page 228 - Country performance is assessed against a set of 16 criteria grouped into four clusters: economic management, structural policies, policies for social inclusion and equity, and public sector management and institutions.
Page 226 - Committee and by the President of the World Bank and the Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund.
Page 56 - ODA directed to activities intended to enhance the ability of the recipient country to formulate and implement a trade development strategy and create an enabling environment for increasing the volume and value added of exports, diversifying export products and markets and increasing foreign investment to generate jobs and trade...
Page xxiii - ... intellectual property rights LAC labor advisory committee MAI Multilateral Agreement on Investment MENA Middle East and North Africa Mercosur Southern Cone Common Market MFA Multi-Fiber Agreement MFFTA most favored FTA MFN most favored nation NAAEC North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement NGO nongovernmental organization NTB nontariff barrier PTA preferential trade arrangement QIZ qualifying industrial zone SACU Southern African Customs Union...
Page 234 - development space' for diversification and upgrading policies in developing countries is being shrunk behind the rhetorical commitment to universal liberalization and privatization. The rules being written into multilateral and bilateral agreements actively prevent developing countries from pursuing the kinds of industrial and technology policies adopted by the newly developed countries of East Asia, and by the older developed countries when they were developing, policies aimed at accelerating the...