Assessing Federal Research and Development for Hazard Loss Reduction, Issue 1734
Losses resulting from natural hazards--floods, hurricanes, earthquakes, tornadoes, wildfire--cost the U.S. economy billions of dollars each year. Moreover, the costs are escalating, in large part because of the growing population in coastal and other high-risk areas. Further, the increasing complexity of the nation's infrastructure, particularly in urban areas, means that potential losses during a natural hazard are only likely to increase. As part of its strategy to address the hazard loss problem, the federal government funds research and development (R&D) to improve understanding of, preparation for, and response to hazards. A comprehensive RAND analysis of current federal funding for research on hazard losses found that programs solely dedicated to hazard loss reduction receive the least funding, while work on weather hazards and broadly related research on climatology, atmospheric science, and oceanography receive the most. Much of this R&D spending supports short-term prediction capabilities, even though such measures have limited loss reduction potential. While prediction can generally move individuals out of harm's way, long-term loss reduction strategies could improve the resilience of communities and infrastructure, resulting in less property damage and reduced rebuilding costs. The study concludes that a comprehensive national loss database and greater use of loss modeling would assist in identifying
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Other editions - View all
allocation analysis applied research areas Atmospheric Research Atmospheric Sciences basic and applied basic research billion Chapter climate change contribute to hazard coordinated criteria disaster DOC/NOAA DOI/USGS Earth Sciences Earthquake Hazards environment federal budget federal government federal R&D FEMA Fire Research floods focused hazard loss R&D hazard loss reduction hazard R&D Hurricane Andrew hurricanes identify R&D implementation infrastructure loss data loss modeling loss reduction efforts loss reduction programs loss reduction R&D loss reduction strategies meteorology mitigation NASA National Weather Service natural hazards NEHRP NEXRAD NOAA Oceanic and Atmospheric oceanographic OFCM budgets operational support payoff Pielke policymakers prediction problem quantify R&D activities R&D budget R&D efforts R&D expenditures R&D funding R&D programs R&D spending range reducing hazard losses research programs role science and technology seismology specific structures studies Table tion tornadoes U.S. Congress understanding USDA USGS vulnerability weather forecasting weather-related hazards wildfires