Assessing National Achievement Levels in Education, Volume 1
Vincent Greaney, Thomas Kellaghan
World Bank, 2008 - Education - 161 pages
Effective assessment of the performance of educational systems is a key component in developing policies to optimize the development of human capital around the world. The five books in the National Assessments of Educational Achievement series introduce key concepts in national assessments of student achievement levels, from policy issues to address when designing and carrying out assessment through test development, sampling, data cleaning, statistics, report writing, and the use of results to improve educational quality. As knowledge increasingly replaces raw materials and labor as a key resource in economic development, the availability of human knowledge and skills is critical in determining a country's rate of economic development and its competitiveness in international markets. The growing use of national assessment capacity has enabled ministries of education across the world to describe national levels of learning achievement in key subject areas; compare achievement levels of key subgroups, such as boys and girls, ethnic groups, urban and rural students, and public and private school students; and provide evidence to support claims about standards of student achievement. Despite growth in assessment activity, the potential value of the data that assessments can provide remains underappreciated. The requisite skills to conduct assessments require development, and even countries that carry out national assessments or participate in international ones may not yet be able to fully exploit the information yielded. This first volume, 'Assessing National Achievement Levels in Education' describes the purposes and features of national assessments, as well as issues in designing, implementing, analyzing, and reporting. It also describes major international, regional, and state governments; research institutions; and universities.
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NATIONAL ASSESSMENTS OF STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT
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achievement levels Achievement tests Achievements assessed analysis assess student assessment activity assessment instruments Assessment of Educational B.3 in appendix background benchmark carried Chile Chinese Taipei classroom cost curricula curriculum areas differences education system Educational Achievement ensure Evaluation factors framework gender Ghana grade identify implementing agency included international assessments international studies Kellaghan knowledge and skills language Latin America learning achievement Lesotho mathematics mathematics and science mean scores ment ministry of education monitor NAEP Nepal numeracy OECD overall participating countries percent of students percentage PIRLS PISA policy makers problems procedures proficiency level provinces public examinations pupils reading and mathematics regional reports Republic Responsibility SACMEQ Sample or population schools selection SIMCE Source South Africa Sri Lanka stakeholders statistical student achievement technical test administration test development test items test score tests and questionnaires TIMSS tion Tunisia Uganda UNEB UNESCO Uruguay vary World Bank Zambia