Assessing the Demographic Impact of Development Projects: Conceptual, Methodological, and Policy Issues
Very little is currently known about the demographic impact of most development projects and the ways in which this impact can be assessed. This book, based on studies in Third World countries, focuses on conceptual, methodological and policy issues in its evaluation of the demographic impact of development projects. The author examines whether demographic effects can be assessed and why development planners should be interested in the results. A.S. Oberai examines to what extent economic and social ranges generated by specific development interventions have influenced demographic behavior in a particular context. He suggests how desired effects can be enhanced and undesirable effects minimized by policy-makers and planners in developing countries in order to deal with problems of population growth and its distribution. The major shortcomings of existing methodologies are identified and future directions which research might take are outlined. The study is based on a synthesis of country studiesreviewing the demographic impact of development projects carried out in Bangladesh, Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand. It also includes analyses of the demographic impact of development interventions in several other countries such as Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, India, and Nigeria. Published for the International Labour Organisation
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agricultural assessing the demographic average number Bangladesh Bohol Cagayan Valley children ever born continued overleaf Table contraceptive Costa Rica cottage industry demand for family demographic effects demographic factors demographic impact assessment dependent variable determinants of fertility development inputs development projects economic electricity electrified and non-electrified electrified villages employment Estimated regression equations evaluation experimental family labour family planning FELDA female labour force fertility behaviour fertility rate ideal family impact assessment studies impact of development impact on fertility implemented increased Indonesia integrated rural development irrigated villages irrigation project irrigation system job creation programme labour force participation land ownership land reform married women methodologies Misamis Oriental multiple classification analysis Nigeria non-electrified villages non-irrigated villages number of children out-migration Philippines presented in Table project areas redistribution programme regression analysis Rond˘nia rural areas rural electrification rural job creation selected selection bias significant Studies on demographic survey Ubon Ratchathani Province women’s co-operatives