Assessing the Structure of Small Welfare States
SOCIAL POLICIES IN SMALL STATES SERIES The country case studies and thematic papers in this series examine social policy issues facing small states and the implications for economic development. They show how, despite their inherent vulnerability, some small states have been successful in improving their social indicators because of the complementary social and economic policies they have implemented. THEMATIC PAPER - THE WELFARE STATE Historically, the welfare state evolved as the most efficient policy response to caring for a large, homogeneous population. This traditional model, however, loses importance as population size falls below 3-4 million, especially for states where a significant number of the population migrate and send remittances home, and where the country is the recipient of overseas aid. Facilitating the international mobility of people therefore becomes central to social policy and insofar as the welfare state occurs, it tends to be focused on the labour market. This paper examines how the characteristics of small states influence their pursuit of a welfare state. Many of the small states discussed have not previously featured in mainstream thinking about the relationship between country size and the extent of the welfare state.
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Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 2 Defining and Characterising the Welfare State
Chapter 3 Classifications of Welfare States
Chapter 4 Welfare States and Globalisation
Chapter 5 The Influence of Openness on the Modus Operandi of a Small Welfare State
3–4 million Barbados benefits Cameron’s capital centralisation closed economy Commonwealth Secretariat context Cook Islanders corporat database decolonisation developing countries diaspora direct provision economic development economies of scope employment Esping-Andersen 1990 external face factions favour fiscal footloose funding Geoff Bertram global federalism globalisation government expenditure Government Finance Statistics groups growth-enhancing governance health and education healthcare historically individuals industrialisation institutional issues Khan Khan’s labour force labour market living standards mass politics Mauritius ments migration million population mark natural liberty neoliberal networks OECD organise overseas path-dependence payments percentage of GDP Pitcairn Island policy in small programme provision in kind public sector redistribution relationship relevant remittances retrenchment revenue Rodrik role SIDS small states setting Small Welfare Smith’s social policy social security social welfare society sources state’s strategies subsidies threshold total government transfers trilemma vulnerability wage and salary wage labour Washington consensus Woleai Zealand