Assessment and Learning: The ICE Approach

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Maximize student learning through an improved understanding and appreciation of the learning process. ICE represents the three stages of learning: Ideas, Connections, and Extensions. The authors show how to recognize these stages of learning development--from a state of beginning to one of competence and expertise--and demonstrate how educators can foster that development in their classrooms. No matter what subject or grade level, the ICE approach will provide teachers with the ability to assess and encourage learning progress.

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Ideas Connections and Extensions
Applying ICE to Teaching and Learning
The Versatility of ICE

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About the author (2000)

Susan Fostaty-Young began her career as a Special Education teacher, working with severely and profoundly developmentally handicapped children. Wanting to share what she had learned in the classroom, Sue moved on to teaching at the college level where she developed an interest in adult learning theories, instructional development, and learning assessment. In addition to her studies, she facilitates courses in instructional methods, group dynamics, and reflective practice. Sue is currently a doctoral student in Education at Queen's University.

Robert Wilson is a Professor Emeritus at Queen's University. For 30 years, he was a professor of Assessment and Evaluation at Queen's. He is the author of several books and dozens of professional papers on such diverse topics as fitting assessments with the curriculum, teachers' decision-making, and defining standards. He serves as an adviser on assessment issues to both the Educational Quality and Accountability Office in Ontario and to Citizenship and Immigration Canada.

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