Assessment of Exposure-Response Functions for Rocket-Emission Toxicants

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National Academies Press, Jul 24, 1998 - Nature - 228 pages
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The U.S. Air Force is developing a model to assist commanders in determining when it is safe to launch rocket vehicles. The model estimates the possible number and types of adverse health effects for people who might be exposed to the ground cloud created by rocket exhaust during a normal launch or during an aborted launch that results in a rocket being destroyed near the ground.

Assessment of Exposure-Response Functions for Rocket-Emmission Toxicants evaluates the model and the data used for three rocket emission toxicants: hydrogen chloride, nitrogen dioxide, and nitric acid.

 

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Contents

SUMMARY
1
1 INTRODUCTION
10
2 DESCRIPTION OF THE LAUNCH AREA TOXIC RISK ANALYSIS LATRA MODEL
14
3 SUBPOPULATIONS SENSITIVE TO AIR CONTAMINATION
24
4 EFFECT SEVERITY
37
5 EVALUATION OF THE LATRA EXPOSURERESPONSE FUNCTIONS
45
6 EXPOSURERESPONSE FUNCTIONS FOR ROCKETEMISSION TOXICANTS
67
REFERENCES
84
Appendix A AIR FORCE EXPOSURE LIMITS FOR ROCKET EMISSIONS
90
Appendix B DEFINITIONS OF CURRENT EXPOSURE GUIDANCE LEVELS
98
Appendix C AMERICAN THORACIC SOCIETYS LIST OF ADVERSE RESPIRATORY HEALTH EFFECTS
103
Appendix D ACUTE TOXICITY OF HYDROGEN CHLORIDE
105
Appendix E ACUTE TOXICITY OF NITROGEN DIOXIDE
147
Appendix F ACUTE TOXICITY OF NITRIC ACID
197
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