Assessment of attitudes and norms about HIV testing among college students in India using theory of reasoned action
University of Wisconsin--Madison, 2008 - Family & Relationships - 267 pages
Results. About 2.4% of students were tested for HIV and 8% expressed intentions to get tested. More males had multiple partners (60% vs. 35%) with a little less than half (46%) reporting they used condoms compared to .41% of females. The regression model fit the SA students (r 2 = 0.22) better than virgin students (r2 = 0.16). The best fit was for not currently sexually active (NCSA) men (r2 = 0.39). Vulnerability and perceived consequences were the two key predictors in all groups, especially among currently sexually active women (CSA) (B = -0.35, -0.41). Partner related beliefs were significant only among CSA men whereas peer norms were significant among CSA, NCSA men and virgin students. Access to testing was an additional predictor among virgin students.
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1 Psychosocial Theories Used to Study HIV Preventive Behavior
1 Theory Selection process
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access to testing analysis behavioral beliefs bimodal distribution bivariate colleagues combined consequences scale condom confidentiality consequences of testing constructs contracting HIV correlated with testing Cronbach's alpha CSA males currently sexually active disapprove of testing evaluated exploratory study indicated factor analysis friends getting tested Health Belief Model HIV infection HIV positive HIV testing intentions HIV/AIDS HTAS important India Likert scale monogamous multiple partners Mumbai NCSA nenng normative influences parental norms partner norms partner related beliefs peer norms perceived consequences perceived vulnerability personal consequences personal vulnerability predictors of HIV predictors of testing psychometric psychometric properties Pune questionnaire regression regression analysis relationships risk safe sex sample second exploratory study sexual behavior sexual intercourse sexually active students significant predictors significantly correlated stigma Strongly Agree students indicated subpopulations Table tested for HIV testing behavior third exploratory study total correlation variables virgin students whole population women wonld young adults