Assessment of benefits of environmental measures
Published by Graham & Trotman for the Commission of the European Communities, 1992 - Business & Economics - 125 pages
The Single European Act will stimulate benefit assessment of environmental measures in all E.C. Member States And The aim of this book is to prepare guidelines For The assessment of such benefits. The book commences with a description of the methodological background of benefit assessment, and goes on to describe policy makers' views on benefit assessment in a number of countries including the U.S.A. An inventory and summary of key case studies is then provided: these will provide particularly valuable guidance for those involved in benefit assessments of environmental measures. An overview is then presented of the use of environmental benefit assessment for decision-making within the E.C. Commission. Guidelines are provided for carrying out a benefit assessment in practice, and finally conclusions and recommendations are presented.
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POLICY MAKERS VIEWS ON BENEFIT ASSESSMENT
A SURVEY OF BENEFIT STUDIES IN SELECTED
THE USE OF ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFIT
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analysis performed validation applicable Benefit categories based on derived benefit assessment Benefit categories included conditions benefits/damage caused cost-benefit analysis damage/benefits caused dB(A derived market data discount rate Dutch Guilders ecosystems and landscapes estimate(s existing conditions benefits/damage existing sources Comprehensiveness Hedonic hypothesis Main sources Implicit costs included explicitly Treatment irreversibilities Accuracy landscape other/not specified model or hypothesis monetary nature and/or landscape Netherlands non-user values included off-the-shelf value other/not specified Valuation performed confidence interval physical unit pollution soil pollution pollution toxic waste production avoided Regulatory Impact Analysis reproducible output flows reproducible stocks non-reproducible sensitivity analysis performed Single European Act soil pollution toxic sources of results specified not applicable specified Valuation methods stocks non-reproducible stocks surplus included explicitly survey contingent valuation test performed confidence toxic waste radiation Travel Cost Method treatment of irreversibilities Types of environmental validation test performed value per physical values included explicitly water pollution soil willingness to pay