Assimilation and Association in French Colonial Theory, 1890-1914

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U of Nebraska Press, 1960 - Social Science - 224 pages
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Until the close of the nineteenth century, French colonial theory was based on the idea of assimilation, which gave France the responsibility for "civilizing" its colonies by absorbing them administratively and culturally. By the turn of the twentieth century, this idea had given way to the theory of association, which held that France's new empire could be better served by a more flexible policy in which the colonized become partners with France in the colonial project. Raymond F. Betts examines the pivotal shift in colonial theory within the metropole, the debate that it generated, and its intellectual origins. A landmark book in the field of French colonial theory, Assimilation and Association in French Colonial Theory, 1890-1914, has served as the central point of reference for every major colonial historian during the four decades since its original publication in 1961. Available in paperback for the first time, with a new preface by the author, this edition will interest all students of colonialism and introduce many younger scholars to what remains the best and most original book in the field. Raymond F. Betts is a professor of history emeritus at the University of Kentucky and an expert in modern European imperialism. His many books include Decolonization and A History of Popular Culture: More of Everything, Faster, and Brighter.
 

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In assimilation, French colonies culture and administration was absorbed by France, its metro pole. Association allowed the colonies to be the France partners.

Contents

The Climate of French Colonialism
1
Origins and Growth of the French Doctrine
10
Ideas from Abroad
33
Assimilation and the Scientific Attitude
59
Expression of Marts Will to Power
90
Association
106
Economic Needs and the Policy of Association
133
Military Problems and the Policy of Association
154
Ideal and Reality
165
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About the author (1960)

Raymond F. Betts is a professor of history emeritus at the University of Kentucky and an expert in modern European imperialism. His many books include Decolonization and A History of Popular Culture: More of Everything, Faster, and Brighter.

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