Assumptions about human nature: implications for researchers and practitioners
"This book, which is in its second edition, provides a provocative mirror from which to discern more clearly one's own assumptions about human nature. . . . I found myself reflecting on the subject matter and its impact on my own life, including relationships, teaching, research, and therapy. . . . The author has done a superb job of raising our consciousness about human nature in this book, an I strongly recommend it to academic and applied psychologists. If you need an invitation to examine your views about human nature, this book is it." --C. R. Snyder, University of Kansas, Lawrence In general, are people trustworthy or unreliable, altruistic or selfish? Are they simple and easy to understand or complex and beyond comprehension? Our assumptions about human nature color everything from the way we bargain with a used-car dealer to our expectations about further conflict in the Middle East. Because our assumptions about human nature underlie our reactions to specific events, Wrightsman designed this second edition to enhance our understanding of human nature--the relationship of attitudes to behavior, the unidimensionality of attitudes, and the influence of social movements on beliefs. Psychologists, social workers, researchers, and students will find Assumptions About Human Nature an illuminating exploration into the philosophies of human nature.
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The Historical Background
?3 Conceptualizing Philosophies of Human Nature
How Much Change Is Possible?
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05 level administered adults African-American Altruism American anomie assumptions about human attitudes average B. F. Skinner basic beliefs about human C-PHN Chapter child college students communal concept consistent construct cooperative correlations counselors cynical described determine dimensions environment Ethic evaluations example expected experimental factor analysis faculty ratings favorable female freshman class gender Graduate Record Examination human nature Human Nature Scale humankind Independence indicates individual interaction interpersonal less load locus of control Machiavellianism male Mean PHN mean scores measures Miller Analogies Test multiplexity negative Nottingham orientation participants Peabody College person philosophies of human PHN scale PHN scores PHN subscales positive positive-negative score psychology Rationality reflect relationship reported responses retested sample situation social desirability society specific statements statistically significant Strength subjects substantive subscales Table teachers theory tion traditional trust trust-altruism Trustworthiness values Variability versus views of human women Wrightsman