Astronomy from Wide-Field Imaging: Proceedings of the 161st Symposium of the International Astronomical Union, Held in Potsdam, Germany, August 23-27, 1993

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Springer Science & Business Media, Jun 30, 1994 - Mathematics - 760 pages
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H.T. MacGilLIVRAY Royal Observatory Blackford Hill Edinburgh EH9 3HJ Scotland U.K. lAU Symposium No. 161 on 'Astronomy from Wide-Field Imaging', held in Potsdam, Germany, during 23-27th August 1993, was the first conference organised by the recently-formed Working Group of lAU Commission 9 on 'Wide-Field Imaging'. This Working Group was instigated during the XXIst meeting of the General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union in Buenos Aires in 1991, and represented a merging of the former formal lAU Working Group on 'Astronomical Photography' and the informal 'Digitised Optical Sky Surveys' Working Group. Dr. Richard West was 'invited' to be Chairperson, and hence was given the daunting task of organising the Group from scratch. The very fact that the first conference after only two years was a major lAU Symposium says much about the determination and enthusiasm of Richard West to fulfilling the aims of the new Working Group. The siting of the conference in Potsdam in formerly East Germany provided an excellent opportunity to advantage from the political changes in Eastern Europe. Good access to the meeting was possible by scientists from Eastern European countries, allowing exchange of information on the very important Wide-Field facilities in both East and West, information on the rich archives of photographic plates that exist in both East and West, and allowing discussions between scientists facing very similar problems in both East and West.
 

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Contents

THE IMPORTANCE OF WIDEFIELD IMAGING
3
INFRARED WIDEFIELD SURVEYS
13
WIDE FIELD IMAGING AND PHOTOMETRY WITH 2k x 2k CCD
17
BEIJING ARIZONA COLOR BAC SKY SURVEY
20
VERY WIDEFIELD MONITORING OF THE SKY
23
THE SECOND PALOMAR SKY SURVEY
29
THE PALOMAR OBSERVATORYEUROPEAN OBSERVATORY PHOTOGRAPHIC ATLAS OF THE NORTHERN SKY
30
FIRST STEPS TOWARD A CCDBASED SKY PATROL
33
ASTEROID AND COMET SURVEYS
385
GALACTIC STRUCTURE
401
STAR COUNTS AND THE MILKY WAY STRUCTURE
403
THE LUMINOSITY AND MASS FUNCTIONS AT THE BOTTOM OF THE MAIN SEQUENCE
411
THE GALACTIC DISC EVOLUTION FROM V B V COUNTS AT THE GALACTIC POLE
417
VERTICAL METALLICITY GRADIENT OF THE GALAXY BASED ON UBV STARCOUNT DATA
420
DEEP MULTICOLOUR STARCOUNTS
423
ASTROMETRY AND GALACTIC STRUCTURE
425

SNe FROM SURVEYS AND PATROLS
37
SKY PATROL FIELD PATROL THE WORLDS LARGEST LIVING WFPA
43
THE SCHMIDT TELESCOPE AT CALAR ALTO OBSERVATORY
46
GERMAN ASTROPHYSICAL SPACE PROJECTS
49
A MINI OBSERVATORY FOR UV SPACE EXPLORATION OF THE GALACTIC POLES AND EQUATOR
52
A WIDEFIELD CAMERA ABOARD THE MIR SPACE STATION
55
SIMULTANEOUS OPTICALGAMMARAY OBSERVATIONS OF GAMMARAY BURSTS
57
WIDEFIELD PHOTOGRAPHIC VERSUS WIDEFIELD CCD TECHNIQUES IN THE ACTIVITY ANALYSIS OF dM STARS
61
DIGITAL DETECTORS IN WIDEFIELD IMAGING
65
THE CCD ARRAY CAMERA FOR THE MACHO PROJECT
67
THE LARGE IMAGING TELESCOPE
73
THE HITCHHIKER PARALLEL CAMERA AND STUDIES OF FAINT GALAXIES
77
CCD IMAGING WITH A 1 FIELD
79
DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING AND CCD IMAGING AT GOTHARD ASTROPHYSICAL OBSERVATORY
82
A FLAIR FOR MULTIOBJECT SPECTROSCOPY
85
NEARINFRARED IMAGING WITH A SCHMIDT TELESCOPE
89
THE ESO MEASURING MACHINES
91
OPTICAL SYSTEMS FOR THE LARGE IMAGING TELESCOPE LITE
93
WIDEFIELDIMAGING 3MIRRORSYSTEMS WITH HIGH LIGHT GATHERING POWER AND A WIDEFIELD OPTICAL SYSTEM FOR THE L...
101
NEWLY DEVELOPED DIFFRACTION LIMITED OPTICS UP TO 180 DEGREES OBJECT FIELD
109
PHOTOGRAPHY IN WIDEFIELD IMAGING
115
PHOTOGRAPHY IN WIDEFIELD ASTRONOMY
117
KODAK AND THE FUTURE OF ASTRONOMICAL PHOTOGRAPHY
127
USE OF KODAK TECHPAN FILM AT THE UKSTU
129
PHOTOGRAPHIC WIDEFIELD IMAGING FROM SCHMIDT PLATES I
141
PHOTOGRAPHIC WIDEFIELD IMAGING FROM SCHMIDT PLATES II
147
NEW RESULTS
151
HYDROGENSENSITIZED FINEGRAIN QUASIT ASTRONOMICAL PLATES
157
DIGITISED WIDEFIELD SURVEYS
161
DIGITIZATION IN ASTRONOMY
163
DIGITIZATION PROGRAMS AT STScI
167
ASTROMETRIC PROGRAMS WITH THE NEW HAMBURG PLATE MEASURING MACHINE
173
A DEEP WIDEFIELD SURVEY FROM DIGITALLY STACKED SCHMIDT PLATES
177
SCANNING THE SONNEBERG PLATE ARCHIVE WITH DIA
183
DESCRIPTION AND USE IN ASTRONOMICAL TASKS BRIEF
185
A UNIVERSAL MICROPHOTOMETER AND SOLAR CORONA POLARIMETRY
188
IMAGE DETECTION CATALOGUING AND CLASSIFICATION
191
IMAGE DETECTION CHARACTERIZATION AND CLASSIFICATION AND THE FUTURE ROLE OF CCDs IN WIDEFIELD ASTROMETRY
193
CATALOGING THE NORTHERN SKY USING A NEW GENERATION OF SOFTWARE TECHNOLOGY
205
IMAGE INVENTORY USING THE WAVELET TRANSFORM
213
DATA COMPRESSION AND WAVELET TRANSFORMS
219
STAR IMAGE IDENTIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION ON ASTROGRAPHIC PLATES
225
ASTRONOMICAL AND MATHEMATICAL OVERVIEW
227
THE PERFORMANCE OF NEURAL NETWORKS IN ASTRONOMICAL IMAGE CLASSIFICATION
235
AUTOMATIC MORPHOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION OF GALAXIES
243
FAINT OBJECT CLASSIFICATION USING ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS
249
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN THE WORK ON AUTOMATED SPECTRAL CLASSIFICATION BY MEANS OF OBJECTIVE PRISM SPECTRA
253
AN EXTENDED SCHEME OF SPECTRAL CLASSIFICATION FOR OBJECTIVE PRISM SPECTRA
255
CALIBRATION ASTROMETRIC AND PHOTOMETRIC
259
REFERENCE CATALOGUES PRESENT STATUS AND FUTURE PROSPECTS
261
THE SYSTEM AND QUALITY OF THE AGK3U
271
GSC 12 A SUBPLATE REDUCTION OF THE GSC
277
SIMULATION OF STELLAR IMAGES FOR SCHMIDT PLATE ASTROMETRY
280
ASTROMETRY WITH WIDEFIELD TELESCOPES IN THE ABASTUMANI ASTROPHYSICAL OBSERVATORY
283
OPTIMIZED MODELFUNCTIONS FOR CCDCAMERA BASED ASTROMETRIC PLATE MEASUREMENTS
288
ASTROMETRIC STANDARD FIELDS FOR CCD OBSERVATIONS OF DOUBLE STARS
291
PHOTOMETRIC CALIBRATION AND LARGESCALE CLUSTERING IN THE UNIVERSE
295
THE GSPCII PROGRAM
301
NGC 6822
305
PECULIARITIES OF THE INTERNAL PHOTOMETRICAL CALIBRATION METHOD USING DENSITY STELLAR PROFILES
309
MULTIPARAMETRIC IRISPHOTOMETRY
311
A PHOTOMETRICAL INVESTIGATION ON THE RC SYSTEM OF THE 2m RITCHEYCHRETIEN COUDE TELESCOPE OF THE ROZHEN OBS...
312
INTENSITY CALIBRATION IN THE PRESENCE OF A DISTURBING EFFECT DEPENDENT ON WAVELENGTH
314
BRIGHTNESS CALIBRATION OF DIGITIZED OBJECTIVEPRISM PLATES
317
DIGITAL PROCESSING ON COMETS
321
ARCHIVING AND DATABASES
329
ARCHIVING ASTRONOMICAL INFORMATION
331
COPING WITH THE EVOLUTION
339
AN INTERACTIVE DEEP SKY MAPPING FACILITY
347
CLIENTSERVER ACCESS TO THE SIMBAD DATABASE WITHIN THE ALADIN PROJECT
353
A WIDEFIELD IMAGING TOOL
356
PRESENT STATUS
359
THE HARVARD COLLEGE OBSERVATORY PLATE COLLECTION
365
THE PLATE ARCHIVE OF THE TAUTENBURG SCHMIDT TELESCOPE
367
HANDLING THE ARCHIVE
369
CATALOGUE OF PLATES AND ARCHIVEDATA ANALYSIS
371
CATALOGUE OF THE ROZHEN OBSERVATORY SCHMIDT TELESCOPE
377
FLARE STARS DATABASE
380
SOLAR SYSTEM SURVEYS
383
THE VERTICAL STRUCTURE AND KINEMATICS OF THE GALAXY
435
WIDEFIELD STELLAR STATISTICS FROM TAUTENBURG SCHMIDT PLATES
441
STELLAR KINEMATICS IN THE GALACTIC NORTH POLE REGION ON THE BASIS OF TAUTENBURG SCHMIDT TELESCOPE PLATES
444
KINEMATICS OF THE GALAXYS STELLAR POPULATIONS
447
MILLIARCSECOND PROPER MOTIONS IN THE PLEIADES
450
ORBITS OF GALACTIC GLOBULAR CLUSTERS FROM SCHMIDT PLATE ASTROMETRY
453
MEMBERSHIP AND INTERNAL MOTIONS OF FAINT STARS IN THE GLOBULAR CLUSTER M 3
461
ABSOLUTE PROPER AND SPACE MOTION OF THE GLOBULAR CLUSTER M 2
464
OBJECTIVEPRISM SURVEYS OF THE GALAXY
467
OBJECTIVE PRISM STUDY OF STAR FORMING REGIONS
470
OBSERVATIONS OF OB STELLAR ASSOCIATIONS WITH THE SPACE TELESCOPE GLAZAR
473
WIDEFIELD OBSERVATIONS OF VARIABLE STARS IN THE REGION OF NGC 7129
475
THE BINARIESINCLUSTERS PROGRAM IN THE AGE OF IMAGING
478
SURFACE POLARIMETRY OF THE CRAB NEBULA
481
CCD IMAGING OF NEARBY AGED PLANETARY NEBULAE
484
THE MAGELLANIC CLOUDS
487
NEW RESULTS ON THE MAGELLANIC CLOUDS
489
EXTENDED SURVEYS OF MC STAR CLUSTERS
497
Ha SURVEY OF THE MILKY WAY AND MAGELLANIC CLOUDS
503
SURVEYS FOR FIELD CARBON STARS IN THE MAGELLANIC CLOUDS
509
CARBON STARS IN THE SMC
513
WIDE FIELD STAR COUNT MAPPING OF LARGE SCALE AREAS OF STAR FORMATION IN THE LARGE MAGELLANIC CLOUD
516
QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE STELLAR CONTENT IN LMC CLUSTERS AND FIELDS USING OBJECTIVE PRISM SCHMIDT PLATES
518
CCD AND SCHMIDTPLATE PHOTOMETRY AND ASTROMETRY IN REGION E OF THE LMC
520
LOCAL GROUP DWARF GALAXIES AND LSB GALAXIES
523
DWARF SPHEROIDAL GALAXD2S
525
ABSOLUTE PROPER MOTIONS OF THE DWARF SPHEROIDAL GALAXffiS IN DRACO AND URSA MINOR
535
SURVEYS OF LOW SURFACE BRIGHTNESS GALAXIES WITH 4415 FILMS
541
RECENT RESULTS FROM LOW SURFACE BRIGHTNESS GALAXY SURVEYS
545
AUTOMATIC DETECTION OF LOWSURFACE BRIGHTNESS GALAXIES ON DIGITAL IMAGES
549
SURFACE PHOTOMETRY OF LOWSURFACEBRIGHTNESS GALAXIES IN THE AREA OF THE NGC 972 GROUP OF GALAXIES
553
PROPERTIES OF NEARBY GALAXIES
557
GLOBAL PROPERTIES OF NEARBY GALAXIES
559
INTERACTING GALAXIES IN THE VIRGO CLUSTER
567
LUMINOSITY FUNCTION AND SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF NEARBY GALAXIES
577
HUNTING FOR GLOBULAR CLUSTER CANDIDATES IN THE FAR HALO d 20 kpc OF M 31 WITH THE TAUTENBURG SCHMIDT TELESC...
583
AN EFFICIENT METHOD TO SURVEY TYPICAL OBJECTS IN NEARBY GALAXIES
587
DUST IN NEARBY DWARF GALAXIES
589
UBV PHOTOMETRY IN THE GROUP OF GALAXIES NGC 2805 NGC 2814 NGC 2820 AND MKN 108
592
PHOTOGRAPHIC SURFACE PHOTOMETRY OF BRIGHT GALAXIES IN THE M 81 GROUP
594
A BURST OF STAR FORMATION IN GALAXIES OF THE M 81 GROUP
596
WIDEFIELD IMAGING OF NEARBY GALAXIES IN NEARINFRARED BANDS
599
PROPERTIES AND CLUSTERING OF GALAXIES AND CLUSTERS
601
SURFACE PHOTOMETRY OF GALAXIES IN THE PISCESPERSEUS REGION
603
AN AUTOMATIC APPROACH FOR SELECTING NEW Ha EMISSIONLINE GALAXIES
611
A SURVEY FOR ULTRAVIOLETEXCESS GALAXIES WITH THE KISO SCHMIDT TELESCOPE
615
PHOTOMETRY OF HICKSON COMPACT GROUP N90
619
THE PHOTOMETRIC AND GEOMETRIC PARAMETERS OF GALAXIES IN CLUSTERS A 1983 2065
626
LUMINOSITY DISTRIBUTION IN cD CLUSTERS
629
WIDEFIELD GALAXY AND CLUSTER SURVEYS USING COSMOS
632
GALAXY CLUSTERING TO B 27
635
GALAXY NUMBERCOUNTS TO B 28
645
THE EVOLUTION OF GALAXIES IN THE LAST 10 GYR
649
OPTICAL IDENTIFICATION OF ROSAT ALLSKY SURVEY GALAXY CLUSTER CANDIDATES
653
ROSATDETECTED GALAXIES IN THE IRAS FAINT SOURCE DATABASE FSDB
658
RAPID XRAY VARIABILITY AND THE Fe H PROBLEM IN I Zw 1 OBJECTS
660
EXTREME STARBURST OR CENTRAL ACTIVITY IN XRAY LUMINOUS IRAS GALAXIES
662
CLUSTER ABUNDANCE AS TEST OF THE PRIMORDIAL PERTURBATION SPECTRUM
664
MAPPING THE LARGESCALE STRUCTURE
667
MAPPING THE LARGESCALE STRUCTURE
669
A REDSHIFT SURVEY IN THE SOUTH GALACTIC POLE REGION
687
LARGESCALE STRUCTURE IN THE DURHAMUKST GALAXY REDSHIFT SURVEY
693
THE MUENSTER REDSHIFT PROJECT MRSP
699
SEARCH FOR FAINT GALAXIES TOWARDS NEARBY VOIDS
705
SLITLESS SPECTROSCOPY WITH PHOTOGRAPHIC AND CCD DETECTORS ACROSS LARGE FIELDS
709
UNBIASED MULTIPARAMETRIC ESTIMATIONS OF DISTANCES AND PECULIAR VELOCITIES OF THE GALAXIES
715
PROPERTIES AND CLUSTERING OF OBJECTS AT LARGE REDSHIFTS
719
QUASAR VARIABILITY FROM MICROLENSING
721
THE HAMBURGESO SURVEY FOR BRIGHT QSOs SLITLESS SPECTROSCOPY AT HIGH RESOLUTION
723
THE HAMBURG QUASAR SURVEY
729
A STUDY OF THE OPTICAL LONGTERM BEHAVIOUR OF QUASARS
737
SYSTEMATIC SEARCH FOR QUASAR CANDIDATES USING THE MAMA MICRODENSITOMETER
740
CONFERENCE SUMMARY AND RESOLUTIONS
743
AN OVERVIEW OF WIDE FIELD IMAGING
745
RESOLUTION Photographic Plate Supply
753
RESOLUTION The Future of Sonneberg Observatory
754
Statement of Goals
755
AUTHOR INDEX
756
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