At the margins of the economy: women's self-employment in Finland, 1960-1990
The idea of overcoming gender-based forms of subordination within the labour market through self-employment received much attention in the research literature in the 1980s. This notion of self-employment as a route for women to escape the subordination of paid work rests upon the assumption that self-employment would provide better opportunities than waged work.Anne Kovalainen draws on her own substantial research and addresses issues of gender, structures in 'atypical work', self-employment and entrepreneurship. The book provides the reader with an overview of the recent theoretical debates which have taken place over gender-based forms of subordination within the labour market. The empirical material is drawn upon the development in Finnish labour markets over the 30-year-period.Contrary to many studies concerned with women's self-employment, the argument in the book is that, at least for women as a group, self-employment does not equal liberation from patriarchal relations in paid work, or from gendered labour and economic structures.
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According agriculture analysis approach areas assisting family members business activities business related services cent Central Statistical Office changes chapter classification companies concept of gender CSOF cultural Curran decline discussed division dual labour market employers entrepreneurship explained extent factors female self-employment feminist research Finnish food products growth Helsinki homeworkers important income inspected interview Julkunen labour force participation lifeform single male self-employment manufacturing industries means models non-farm Nordic countries number of employed number of entrepreneurs number of self-employed number of women OECD OECD countries Office of Finland organisation own-account workers paid employment patriarchy percentage personal services Petite Bourgeoisie position processes question Rantalaiho relatively retail trade rise role seen self-employed women service industries service sector shift shift-share analysis small business socialisation society sociological structure Table textile and clothing theoretical Toivonen traditional typologies various waged labour Walby women entrepreneurs women's labour force women's self-employment women's share