Atlantic shorelines: natural history and ecology
Atlantic Shorelinesis an introduction to the natural history and ecology of shoreline communities on the East Coast of North America. Writing for a broad audience, Mark Bertness examines how distinctive communities of plants and animals are generated on rocky shores and in salt marshes, mangroves, and soft sediment beaches on Atlantic shorelines.The book provides a comprehensive background for understanding the basic principles of intertidal ecology and the unique conditions faced by intertidal organisms. It describes the history of the Atlantic Coast, tides, and near-shore oceanographic processes that influence shoreline organisms; explains primary production in shoreline systems, intertidal food webs, and the way intertidal organisms survive; sets out the unusual reproductive challenges of living in an intertidal habitat, and the role of recruitment in shaping intertidal communities; and outlines how biological processes like competition, predation, facilitation, and ecosystem engineering generate the spatial structure of intertidal communities.The last part of the book focuses on the ecology of the three main shoreline habitats--rocky shores, soft sediment beaches, and shorelines vegetated with salt marsh plants and mangroves--and discusses in detail conservation issues associated with each of them.
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Reproduction and Recruitment
Process and Pattern in Shoreline
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abundance algae algal amphipods Atlantic coast barnacles beach benthic Bertness bivalves blue crabs bryozoans burrowing canopy clams clonal coast of North coastal colonizers competitively dominant cordgrass dense densities deposit feeders disturbance dune Ecology ecosystem engineers effects England estuaries feeding fiddler crabs filter feeders fishes flow foraging gradients grazing growth habitats herbivores high intertidal high marsh important increase intertidal intertidal habitats intertidal heights invertebrates larvae limit Littorina live low marsh mangrove marine marsh habitats marsh plant communities nitrogen North America nutrient oxygen oyster patterns periwinkle physical stress planktonic populations predators prey primary production recruitment rocky intertidal rocky shores role salinities salt marshes sand seagrass seaweeds sediments Semibalanus sessile settlement shallow shell shoreline communities shoreline habitats shoreline organisms snails soft-sediment soft-substrate soil soil salinities southern marshes Spartina spatial species substrate subtidal surface tidal tides tion trophic typically urchins vegetation water column wave wave-exposed zonation zone