Atlas of the Musculoskeletal Examination
One of every seven Americans reports some form of musculoskeletal complaint that limits activity or productivity. Musculoskeletal problems are the leading cause of illness at work and the origin of most temporary and permanent disabilities. Not surprisingly, then, a significant proportion of diagnosis and treatment is rendered by primary care physicians and other nonspecialist healthcare providers. Atlas of the Musculoskeletal Examination provides physicians with the most appropriate tests, concisely explaining what to look for and when to treat. General principles are initially discussed. Subsequent chapters focus on particular body areas: the upper extremities (shoulder, elbow, wrist, hand/fingers), gait and spine, and the lower extremities (hip, knee, ankle, foot/toes).
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abduction abnormality Achilles tendon Anserine Baker’s cyst bicipital tendon Bony enlargement bursa bursitis Fig carpal tunnel syndrome Cellulitis cervical collateral ligament Color Plate common cause costochondral decreased range Degenerative arthritis demonstrate distal duplicate the patient’s effusion elbow External rotation Fibromyalgia flexed to 90 flexion Ganglion hand interphalangeal joints ischial Jaccoud’s arthritis joint line joint pathology knee flexed lateral epicondyle limitation of motion lower extremity lumbar spine lumbosacral spine LWAYS C OMPARE Medial epicondylitis meniscal metacarpal phalangeal muscle strength Musculoskeletal Examination neurologic nodules normal Occiput Olecranon bursitis OMPARE F INDINGS pain palmar Palpation patella patient is asked Plantar fasciitis position posterior PPOSITE S IDE Prepatellar bursitis Pronator radiograph range of motion Rotator cuff rupture sacroiliac Sacroiliitis scaphoid Septic joint sign Fig significant spinal spinal stenosis Spondyloarthropathy Stenosing tenosynovitis subacromial subluxation supine swelling Synovitis tenderness test Fig trauma trigger points tunnel syndrome Ulnar deviation ulnar groove upper extremity valgus wrist wrist drop