Atlas of the Musculoskeletal Examination
One of every seven Americans reports some form of musculoskeletal complaint that limits activity or productivity. Musculoskeletal problems are the leading cause of illness at work and the origin of most temporary and permanent disabilities. Not surprisingly, then, a significant proportion of diagnosis and treatment is rendered by primary care physicians and other nonspecialist healthcare providers. Atlas of the Musculoskeletal Examination provides physicians with the most appropriate tests, concisely explaining what to look for and when to treat. General principles are initially discussed. Subsequent chapters focus on particular body areas: the upper extremities (shoulder, elbow, wrist, hand/fingers), gait and spine, and the lower extremities (hip, knee, ankle, foot/toes).
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SPINE AND GAIT
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abduction abnormality Achilles tendon anserine arthritis Fig Baker's cyst bicipital tendon bursa carpal tunnel syndrome Cellulitis cervical collateral ligament Color Plate common cause costochondral junction Dactylitis decreased range demonstrate distal duplicate the patient's effusion elbow extensor External rotation Fibromyalgia Figure FINDINGS To OPPOSITE flexion fracture Ganglion inflammation interphalangeal joints ischial Jaccoud's arthritis knee flexed lateral epicondyle lower extremity lumbar spine lumbosacral spine McMurray's test Medial epicondylitis meniscal Morton's neuroma muscle strength Musculoskeletal Examination neurologic nodules normal opposite side Osteoarthritis pain Palpation Passive range patella Piriformis Pivot shift test Plantar fasciitis posterior Prepatellar bursitis Pronator proximal radial nerve radiograph range of motion Raynaud's phenomenon rheumatoid arthritis Rotator cuff Sausage digit Scaphoid scleroderma Septic joint sign Fig significant soft tissue Speed's test Spondyloarthropathy Stenosing tenosynovitis Subacromial subluxation supine swelling Synovitis tenderness test Fig tibial trauma Trendelenburg sign trigger points Ulnar deviation ulnar groove upper extremity valgus wrist drop Yergason maneuver