Atoms, Metaphors and Paradoxes: Niels Bohr and the Construction of a New Physics
This book gives a detailed study of the development and the interpretation given to Niels Bohr's Principle of Correspondence. Quantum mechanics, developed in the 1920s and 1930s by Bohr, Heisenberg, Born, Schrvdinger and Dirac, represents one of the most profound turning points in science this century. It required a wholly new kind of physics in which many of the principles representing reality, that formed the basis of classical physics, had to be abandoned. This book re-examines the birth of quantum mechanics, examining the development of crucial and original insights of Niels Bohr. Introduction; 1. The paradigm of complementarity; 2. Atomic model and quantum hypotheses; 3. The principle of correspondence; 4. The theory of virtual oscillators; 5. The conceptual foundations of quantum mechanics; 6. The Bohr-Einstein confrontation: phenomena and physical reality; General bibliography; Index of names.
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1 The paradigm of complementarity
2 Atomic model and quantum hypotheses
3 The principle of correspondence
4 The theory of virtual oscillators
5 The conceptual foundation of quantummechanics
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analogy argument assumption atom’s atomic physics atomic theory attempt Bohr Bohr’s Bohr’s view causal classical concepts classical mechanics classical physics classical theory complementarity Compton effect Copenhagen Copenhagen interpretation correspondence principle deﬁned deﬁnition derived described difﬁculties discontinuous discussion Einstein electrodynamics electron element emission emitted English trans epistemological existence experimental expressed fact ﬁeld ﬁnal ﬁnd ﬁrst formal formula frequency Heisenberg hypothesis Ibid inﬂuence interaction interpretation intuitive Kramers language laws light logical mathematical means measurement metaphor model of description motion nature Niels Bohr objects observation orbits paper paradox particles Pauli phenomena phenomenon philosophical physical reality physicists picture Planck’s constant Podolski possible precisely problem quantities quantization quantum mechanics quantum numbers quantum of action quantum postulate quantum theory radiation reference reﬂected regard relation rigorous Rutherford Schrodinger scientiﬁc signiﬁcant Slater Solvay Conference speciﬁc spectra spectrum stationary sufﬁcient symbols theoretical theory’s transition validity velocity virtual oscillator