Attention: From Theory to Practice
Oxford University Press, 2007 - Psychology - 274 pages
The study of attention in the laboratory has been crucial to understanding the mechanisms that support several different facets of attentional processing: Our ability to both divide attention among multiple tasks and stimuli, and selectively focus it on task-relevant information, while ignoring distracting task-irrelevant information, as well as how top-down and bottom-up factors influence the way that attention is directed within and across modalities. Equally important, however, is research that has attempted to scale up to the real world this empirical work on attention that has traditionally been well controlled by limited laboratory paradigms and phenomena. These types of basic and theoretically guided applied research on attention have benefited immeasurably from the work of Christopher Wickens. This book honors Wickens' many important contributions to the study of attention by bringing together researchers who examine real-world attentional problems and questions in light of attentional theory. The research fostered by Wickens' contributions will enrich not only our understanding of human performance in complex real-world systems, but also reveal the gaps on our knowledge of basic attentional processes.
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Fragments of a Model
Capturing Attention in the Laboratory and the Real World
Elaborations of the MultipleResource Theory of Attention
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activities aircraft alarm allele allocation associated attention capture attentional blink auditory automation behavior bottleneck capture attention cell phone change blindness CHRNA4 cognitive Cognitive Psychology color changes complex crashes cross-modal demands detection display divided attention dual-task conditions effect emotional emphasis change encoding Ergonomics example experienced drivers experiment Experimental Psychology eye movements Figure fixation flashbulb memories foreshadowing element functional task environment gene gene dose Gopher Human Factors human performance human-computer interaction important inattention blindness individual influence information processing interaction Journal of Experimental Kramer ment mental modality monitoring mood multimodal multiple-resource novice drivers observed older adults operators paradigm Parasuraman participants perception physical task environment pilots Planikin potential prediction Press prioritize prospective memory response retrieval risk Sarter scanning scenario Science SEEV selective attention signal simulator spatial stimuli strategies target tone theory time-shared tion variability vehicle visual search Wickens