Auditory Spectral Processing
Manuel S. Malmierca, Dexter R. F. Irvine
Gulf Professional Publishing, 2005 - Medical - 546 pages
All natural auditory signals, including human speech and animal communication signals, are spectrally and temporally complex, that is, they contain multiple frequencies and their frequency composition, or spectrum, varies over time. The ability of hearers to identify and localize these signals depends on analysis of their spectral composition. For the overwhelming majority of human listeners spoken language is the major means of social communication, and this communication therefore depends on spectral analysis. Spectral analysis begins in the cochlea, but is then elaborated at various stages along the auditory pathways in the brain that lead from the cochlea to the cerebral cortex. The broad purpose of Auditory Spectral Processing is to provide a comprehensive account of the way in which spectral information is processed in the brain and the way in which this information is used by listeners to identify and localize sounds.
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Acoust across-channel activity amplitude amplitude modulation auditory filter auditory nerve auditory system bands bandwidth basilar membrane bicuculline binaural Brain Res broadband cells center frequency changes cochlear implant comodulation complex tones components correlation cortical detection dorsal cochlear nucleus effects electrode envelope excitatory fibers forward masking frequency discrimination frequency selectivity function Glasberg harmonic Hearing Res HRTFs inferior colliculus inhibition inhibitory input lesions linear listeners masker measured Merzenich MGBv modulation monaural Moore neural neurons Neurophysiol Neurosci noise non-linear notch octave output perception physiological pitch plasticity predict primary auditory cortex psychophysical pure tones range receptive fields region representation response maps response properties Schreiner sensitivity signal sinusoidal sound level sound localization sound source spatial spectral cues spectral integration spectral processing speech spike stimulus STRF studies Suga Sutter sweeps temporal threshold tonotopic tuning curves two-tone units vowel
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