Auditory and Vestibular Efferents

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David K. Ryugo, Richard R Fay, Arthur N. Popper
Springer Science & Business Media, Nov 22, 2010 - Medical - 359 pages
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Efferent sensory systems have emerged as major components of processing by the central nervous system. Whereas the afferent sensory systems bring environmental information into the brain, efferent systems function to monitor, sharpen, and attend selectively to certain stimuli while ignoring others. This ability of the brain to implement these functions enables the organism to make fine discriminations and to respond appropriately to environmental conditions so that survival is enhanced. Our focus will be on auditory and vestibular efferents, topics linked together by the inner ear connection.

The biological utility of the efferent system is striking. How it functions is less well understood, and with each new discovery, more questions arise. The book that is proposed here reflects our vision to share what is known on the topic by authors who actually have made the observations.

 

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Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction to Efferent Systems
1
Chapter 2 Anatomy of Olivocochlear Neurons
17
Chapter 3 Physiology of the Medial and Lateral Olivocochlear Systems
38
Chapter 4 Pharmacology and Neurochemistry of Olivocochlear Efferents
83
Chapter 5 Cholinergic Inhibition of Hair Cells
102
Chapter 6 The Efferent Vestibular System
135
Chapter 7 Development of the Inner Ear Efferent System
187
Chapter 8 Evolution of the Octavolateral Efferent System
217
Chapter 9 Central Descending Auditory Pathways
260
Chapter 10 Central Effects of Efferent Activation
291
Chapter 11 Corticofugal Modulation and Beyond for Auditory Signal Processing and Plasticity
313
Index
353
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