Auscultation of the Heart: A Cardiophonetic Approach
This text/Windows disk package offers medical students, nursing students and trainee cardiologists help in learning the most fundamental of medical skills - properly using the stethoscope to listen to heart sounds. Use is made of phonetic tables in the description of auscultation. The reader is then taught how to apply this knowledge in the clinical setting through the use of decision-making logorithms. The text also introduces the concept of cardiophonetics - the syllabic distillation of heart sounds into recognizable patterns for quick and accurate diagnosis.
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abnormalities acute aneurysm angina aorta aortic regurgitation aortic stenosis aortic valve apex apical associated atrial fibrillation atrial septal defect atrium auscultation auscultatory auscultatory findings blood pressure bruits bundle branch block Cardiac Pearl Cardiol cardiomyopathy cardiophonetics carotid caused chest pain clinical coarctation continuous murmur coronary artery cyanosis diagnosis diaphragm diastolic dilated Doppler dyspnea echocardiography ejection sound embolism endocarditis examination heart disease heart failure heart sounds hemodynamic inspiration intercostal space jugular left ventricular loud middiastolic murmur midsystolic murmur mitral regurgitation mitral stenosis mitral valve prolapse myocardial infarction normal occur opening snap palpation patent ductus arteriosus patient pericardial present presystolic pulmonary artery pulmonary hypertension pulmonary stenosis pulmonary valve pulse pulsus paradoxus right ventricle right ventricular shunt sinus soft splitting of S2 sternal border stethoscope syncope syndrome systolic murmur tamponade tetralogy of Fallot tricuspid regurgitation tricuspid stenosis tricuspid valve valve closure valvular veins venous pressure ventricular septal defect wave