Austronesian Root Theory: An Essay on the Limits of Morphology
Since the pioneering analyses of Renward Brandstetter (1860 1942) a quasi-morphological element called the 'root' has been recognized in Austronesian linguistics. This monograph confronts many of the methodological and substantive issues raised but never fully resolved by Brandstetter. In an effort to reassess the value of his work for contemporary linguistics the author examines Brandstetter's methods and results, and applies a modified from of this approach to new material. The study establishes 230 roots based on more than 2,560 root tokens in some 117 languages. It is thus intended to serve as a rudimentary root dictionary and a basic handbook on the subject of the root for future scholars of Austronesian.
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1 ON ROOT THEORY
TWO OPERATIONAL DEFINITIONS
3 A SYNOPTIC HISTORY OF AUSTRONESIAN ROOT THEORY
4 A CRITIQUE OF BRANDSTETTERS THEORY OF THE ROOT
5 AUSTRONESIAN ROOT THEORY REVISITED
6 RELATED MATTERS
7 IMPLICATIONS FOR GENERAL LINGUISTIC THEORY
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2AEl 2Bnd 2Dp+ 3Bnd 3Dp+ AMIS Appendix attested Austronesian languages Austronesian root Balinese Batak beat bend Bikol Blust Bontok Brandstetter Brandstetter's break BuRu buzz cackle Cebuano clap cognate sets cover crack curve deep resounding sound Dempwolff disyllables dull dust etymologically independent fold forms Hanunóo IBAN Ilokano Indonesia Javanese Kankanay Karo Batak knock languages lDp+ lexical linguistic Malay Malayo-Polynesian Manggarai Maranao meaning morpheme isolates morphology mouth one’s onomatopoetic onomatopoetic roots Paiwan phoneme phonestheme phonological pound Proto-Philippines pull pulverize Puyuma PWMP reconstructed reflexes rice ringing sound root candidate root theory root variation scratch semantic slap snap sound symbolism sound-meaning association splash split stick submorphemic Sundanese syllable Tagalog teeth thud Tiruray vowel word-base