Autolexical Syntax: A Theory of Parallel Grammatical Representations
In Autolexical Syntax, Jerrold M. Sadock argues for a radical departure from the derivational model of grammar that has prevailed in linguistics for thirty years. He offers an alternative theory in which the various components of grammar—in particular syntax, semantics, and morphology—are viewed as fully autonomous descriptive devices for various parallel dimensions of linguistic representation. The lexicon in this theory forges the connection between autonomous representations in that a typical lexeme plays a role in all three of the major components of the grammar.
Sadock's principal innovation is the postulation of a uniform set of interface conditions that require the several orthogonal representations of a single natural language expression to match up in certain ways. Through a detailed application of his theory to the twin morphosyntactic problems of cliticization and incorporation, Sadock shows that very straightforward accounts are made possible by the nonderivational model. He demonstrates the empirical success of these accounts by examining more than two dozen morphosyntactic problems in almost as many languages.
Autolexical Syntax will be of interest to those in the fields of theoretical grammar, particularly concerned with the problems of morphology and syntax, as well as philosophers of language, logicians, lexicographers, psychologists of language, and computer scientists.
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adjective adpositions affix agreement argument associated attach autonomous auxiliary behavior chapter Chomsky clause clitic combinatoric combines complex component compound constituent definite article derivational discussed elements English Eric Schiller Eskimo example expression fact Fido function grammar guage head noun hestur hierarchical Huastec incorporated noun independent Infl inflection interface Kirundi Klavans's lexeme lexical entry lexical items lexicon linguistic logical marker meaning mismatches modifier modular modules morpheme morpho morphological morphosyntactic natural languages node nominal noun incorporation noun phrase noun stem object obligatory occur phological phonological plural position postpositions preceding predicate prefix prepositions present principles pronominal pronouns properties quantifier rule Sadock semantic structure sentence singular specific suffix syntactic and morphological syntactic reality syntactic structure syntax Taroo tense thematic role theory tion Tiwa topic transformational grammar variable verb phrase verbal vowel West Flemish West Greenlandic word Yagua Zwicky
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