Automated Fingerprint Identification Systems (AFIS)
An easy-to-understand synopsis of identification systems, presenting in simple language the process of fingerprint identification, from the initial capture of a set of finger images, to the production of a Rapsheet. No other single work exists which reviews this important identification process from beginning to end. We examine the identification process for latent (crime scene) prints and how they are identified with these systems. While the primary focus is automated fingerprint identifications, the book also touches on the emergence and use of fingerprints in other biometric systems.
Criminal justice administrators, policy makers, and students of forensic science and criminal justice will find a reference to the known limitations and advantages of these systems.
This book provides information as to the critical and continual need for properly trained individuals as well as an understanding of the direct and indirect costs associated with maintaining these systems.
An understanding of the entire system and what it means will prove invaluable. Why are there missed identifications? Why are identifications made on one database that are not made on another database? Key terms and issues are included, and well as suggestions for improving the overall number of identifications.
The book will go beyond process and also discuss issues such as interoperability, management strategies for large databases, contract development, lights out verification and several other issues which impact automated identifications.
- The first comprehensive title on this subject area
- Outlines in detail the entire process of fingerprint gathering and identity verification
- The future of AFIS will is discussed, including national standards in developing multi-agency cooperation/interoperability (U.S.) in addition to the use of AFIS identification world-wide.
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acquisition AFIS procurement AFIS searches AFIS systems AFIS technology AFIS vendors application software arrest Automated Fingerprint Identification benchmark biometric cation classification coders Conch Republic ConOps contract cost crime scene criminal history Criminal Justice document driver’s license EFTS electronic elimination prints Eurodac evaluation example FBI’s federal finger images fingerprint card Fingerprint Identification System fingerprint images fingerprint records funding governmental hardware hit rate IAFIS identification agency identification bureaus identification process idents image capture image characteristics image data inked interoperability latent fingerprint latent images latent print examiners latent print identifications latent print search law enforcement livescan match matchers minutiae mug shots National NCIC NIST NLETS operational person plain impressions Police proposal request requirements response ridge SAFIS Sagem scanning SID number specific standard tenprint card tenprint records tion transactions transmission Type unique unsolved latent Wavelet Scalar Quantization