Automated Peritoneal Dialysis

Front Cover
Claudio Ronco
Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers, Jan 1, 1999 - Medical - 274 pages
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While continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) has been the standard peritoneal procedure since the seventies, different schedules of automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) have emerged during the eighties. Today, APD is considered a valuable tool in the management of ESRD patients, together with CAPD and hemodialysis. However, despite its frequent use, APD has not yet been well assessed, and most pathophysiological and clinical studies on PD refer to CAPD. In this book, major experts in the field therefore discuss and evaluate the insights gained on APD up to now, presenting a comprehensive review of all experimental, technical and clinical aspects related to the various treatments grouped under the definition of APD. The recent developments presented are divided into four sections: membrane permeability, transport mechanisms and kinetic modeling applied to APD; prescription and adequacy of different APD treatment schedules; dialysis machines and solutions for APD, and, lastly, different clinical aspects such as the possibility to maintain APD program and residual renal function. Physicians involved in ESRD care, renal fellows and scientists both in the academic world and in the hospital setting will undoubtedly profit from this timely publication.
 

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Contents

Theoretical Bases and Rationale for the Application of
15
ThreePore Model Applied to Automated Peritoneal Dialysis
35
Intraperitoneal PressureVolume Effects on Peritoneal Transport
54
Patient Selection for Automated Peritoneal Dialysis on the Basis
69
Calculation and Significance of Adequacy Indexes in Automated
75
Dwell Volume Prescription in Automated Peritoneal Dialysis and
90
Nightly Intermittent Peritoneal Dialysis Prescription and Power
109
Automated Peritoneal Dialysis Prescription and Results in Children
123
Sodium Content in Automated Peritoneal Dialysis Solutions
162
Osmotic Agents in Automated Peritoneal Dialysis Solutions
177
Amino Acids Solutions and Nutritional Impact in Children
195
Automated Peritoneal Dialysis as a Means to Maintain a Peritoneal
205
Residual Renal Function in Automated Peritoneal Dialysis
229
Complications of Automated Peritoneal Dialysis Other than Peritonitis
247
Author Index
267
Copyright

Technical Aspects and Solutions for
142

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