Autopoietic Knowledge Systems in Project-Based Companies
All companies draw on resources outside the business, and have to compete with other enterprises to attract these resources. Standard texts on management and organization argue that the best way to get ahead in business is by getting a firm grasp of this external environment, by 'representing' it internally. Kaj Koskinen claims that this is the wrong approach. He argues that business knowledge doesn't just represent the world outside the company but is a construction of the company and the people working in it. The success of a company depends less on how clearly it represents the external environment than on factors such as institutional memory, a culture of trust and appropriate organizational mechanisms for learning. In short, the most successful companies are those which are what the author calls autopoietic knowledge systems. In this book, he presents a novel scheme for understanding knowledge creation and learning in project-based enterprises. He shows how autopoietic knowledge systems can be built and the benefits they can bring. All scholars and students of knowledge management will benefit from the radical new approach to business organization presented in this book. It will also be of great interest to knowledge managers looking to understand how they can drive their businesses forward
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Systemic View and Systems Thinking
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According action activities approach assets autonomy autopoiesis theory autopoietic epistemology autopoietic knowledge system autopoietic system behaviour boundary elements boundary object capabilities closure co-evolution cognitive cognitivist communication company's competence complex components concept connectionist context create defined domain dynamics emerge example experience explicit knowledge feedback function human important individual Innovation inputs interaction internal knowl knowledge creation Knowledge Management knowledge sharing Koskinen Krogh and Roos language learning organization Luhmann Management Journal Maturana Maula means mental models metaphor Mingers motivation norms observer open systems organization's organizational culture organizational ecology organizational knowledge organizational learning organizational memory perspective perturbations Pihlanto problem processes production Project Management project team members project work environment project-based company relationships self-organization self-referential sense share knowledge situations social systems socio-cognitive stories Strategic Management structural coupling systems theory Systems Thinking tacit knowledge tion trust understanding values Varela world view