Autos and Progress: The Brazilian Search for Modernity

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Oxford University Press, Feb 16, 2010 - Technology & Engineering - 288 pages
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Autos and Progress reinterprets twentieth-century Brazilian history through automobiles, using them as a window for understanding the nation's struggle for modernity in the face of its massive geographical size, weak central government, and dependence on agricultural exports. Among the topics Wolfe touches upon are the first sports cars and elite consumerism; intellectuals' embrace of cars as the key for transformation and unification of Brazil; Henry Ford's building of a company town in the Brazilian jungle; the creation of a transportation infrastructure; democratization and consumer culture; auto workers and their creation of a national political party; and the economic and environmental impact of autos on Brazil. This focus on Brazilians' fascination with automobiles and their reliance on auto production and consumption as keys to their economic and social transformation, explains how Brazil--which enshrined its belief in science and technology in its national slogan of Order and Progress--has differentiated itself from other Latin American nations. Autos and Progress engages key issues in Brazil around the meaning and role of race in society and also addresses several classic debates in Brazilian studies about the nature of Brazil's great size and diversity and how they shaped state-making.
 

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Contents

Introduction
3
Curiosities of the Elite
13
Automobiles and the Question of Nation
33
The Search for a Brazilian El Dorado
61
Getúlio Vargas and the Integration of Brazil
91
Juscelino Kubitschek and the National Auto Industry
113
Automobility and Citizenship
145
Tropical Modernity in a Globalized Space
179
Notes
189
Index
265
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About the author (2010)

Joel Wolfe is Associate Professor of History at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, and the author of Working Women, Working Men: S?o Paulo and the Rise of Brazil's Industrial Working Class, 1900-1955.

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