Aviation fuels with improved fire safety: a proceedings
National Research Council (U.S.), National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Aviation Fuels with Improved Fire Safety
National Academy Press, 1997 - Technology & Engineering - 141 pages
Reduction of the fire hazard of fuel is critical to improving survivability in impact-survivable aircraft accidents. Despite current fire prevention and mitigation approaches, fuel flammability can overwhelm postcrash fire scenarios. The Workshop on Aviation Fuels with Improved Fire Safety was held recently to review the current state of development, technological needs, and promising technologies for new aviation fuels resistant to ignition during a crash. This book contains a summary of workshop discussions and 11 papers on such subjects as fuel and additive technologies, aircraft fuel system requirements, and characterization of fuel fires.
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Summary of Progress and Opportunities
The Search for the Oxymoron
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Air Force antimisting agents approach aviation fuels behavior chemical combustion components computational crash diffusion flames drop droplet dry bay effects elastic engine Federal Aviation Administration Figure fire hazard fire safety fire suppression fire-resistant fuel fire-safe fuel fireball fires and explosions flame propagation flame spread flash point flash point temperature flow fluid fuel additive fuel dispersal fuel fire fuel lines fuel properties fuel tank fuel vapor G.M. Faeth halon heat ignition source impact velocity improved fire safety involved Jet A-1 jet fuel kerosene Laboratory liquid fuel mechanisms methods micro-emulsion Micro-encapsulation modulus particles polymer pool fire post-crash fires potential pressure prevent problem radiation range requirements Research result rheology rheometer secondary breakup shear rate shear thinning Sirignano specific spill spray steady-shear structure surface surfactant technologies thermal Tieszen tion turbulence models turbulent diffusion flames typical U.S. Army ullage velocity regime viscoelastic viscosity workshop participants