Bach: The Brandenburg Concertos
Besides composing, Bach worked throughout his life as an organist, teacher, and choirmaster. A figure of relative obscurity in his lifetime compared with his contemporary Handel, he seldom left the region of eastern Germany where he was born. Bach was a member of a distinguished musical family who became an orphan at the age of nine; he would marry twice and father twenty children, four of whom became famous as composers in their own right. His keyboard music was an influence on later composers from the time of Mozart onward; his large-scale works were famously rediscovered by the Romantics in the early nineteenth century. In this highly acclaimed study, biographical chapters alternate with commentary on the works, demonstrating how the circumstances of Bach's life helped to shape the music he wrote at various periods. In addition to presenting a rounded picture of Bach, his music, and his posthumous reputation and influence, Malcolm Boyd considers the sometimes controversial topics of Bach's "recycling" of musical material, his use of number symbolism, and the style and meaning of his late works.
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Genesis and reception
The dedication score and its design
The ritornello structure
The individual concertos
Concerto No 2 in F major BWV 1047
Adagio Allegro autograph score Bach's Brandenburg Bach's concerto bass viol bassoon Berlin cadence cadenza cantata capo aria capo structure cello chords chorus collegium musicum composed composition concerto movement continuo copy Corelli Cothen da capo aria dedication score edition ensemble Epilog episodic material example F major fiauto Fifth Brandenburg Concerto fifth concerto flute Fortspinnung Fourth Brandenburg Concerto Friedrich fugue G maj grosso harpsichord horns included J. S. Bach Johann Sebastian Bachs Kapelle Kapellmeister Konzerte last movement Leipzig Margrave margrave's Michael Marissen Mietke minuet musicians oboe octave opening ritornello orchestral suite original passage Penzel's performance perhaps pitch played players polonaise Prince Leopold recorder ripieno ritornello ritornello form ritornello movements ritornello structure second concerto sinfonia slow movement solo instruments solo violin soloist Sonata staves string suggested texture thematic third concerto third movement tonal tonic trumpet viola Violin Concerto violino piccolo Vivaldi vocal Vordersatz Weimar Wilhelm