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ability adhere strictly Alexander Hamilton amendments American appoint ARTICLE autocracy better bill of attainder boards and commissions candidate check and balance citizens city government civil committees Congress Constitution provides convention county and city courts dangerous experiments delegates to attend demagogues democ democracy duties election employes ernment executive and members extreme Federal fields of activity form of government four elements gluttony golden mean governmental terms heads of departments House of Representatives important inherent individual rights judicial judiciary jurisdiction jury lative legis legislative body legislature liberty Lincoln literally adhered ment mixed govern mobocracy number of votes organized person phase of democracy political party Polygamy President privileges public officials public service question racy remaining larger percentage republic republican Russian language secure Senate Senate and House short ballot standard form strictly and literally thereof tion TRIAL BY JURY two-thirds United various Vice-President whole number William McKinley
Page 134 - To establish post offices and post roads; To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries; To constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court; To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas, and...
Page 139 - ... states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. In every case, after the choice of the president, the person having the greatest number of votes of the electors shall be the vice-president. But if there should remain two or more who have equal votes, the senate shall choose from them by ballot the vice-president.]* The congress may determine the time of choosing the electors, and the day on which they shall give their votes ; which day shall be the same throughout the...
Page 132 - The times, places and manner of holding elections for senators and representatives shall be prescribed in each State by the legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time, by law, make or alter such regulations, except as to the places of choosing senators.
Page 154 - ... vacancies happen in the representation of any State in the Senate, the executive authority of such State shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies: Provided, That the legislature of any State may empower the executive thereof to make temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may direct. This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the election or term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as part of the Constitution.
Page 25 - The effect of the first difference is, on the one hand, to refine and enlarge the public views, by passing them through the medium of a chosen body of citizens, whose wisdom may best discern the true interest of their country, and whose patriotism and love of justice, will be least ikely to sacrifice it to temporary or partial considerations.
Page 26 - If we resort for a criterion to the different principles on which different forms of government are established, we may define a republic to be, or at least may bestow that name on, a government which derives all its powers directly or indirectly from the great body of the people, and is administered by persons holding their off1ces during pleasure, for a limited period, or during good behavior.
Page 25 - The two great points of difference between a democracy and a republic are :• first, the delegation of the government, in the latter, to a small number of citizens elected by the rest; secondly, the greater number of citizens and greater sphere of country over which the latter may be extended.
Page 131 - Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence of the first election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes. The seats of the Senators of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the second year; of the second class, at the expiration of the fourth year; of the third class, at the expiration of the sixth year, so that...
Page 131 - No person shall be a senator who shall not have attained to the age of thirty years, and been nine years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that state for which he shall be chosen. The Vice-President of the United States shall be president of the senate, but shall have no vote, unless they be equally divided.
Page 151 - Section 1. Neither slavery nor Involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. Sec. 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.