Bacterial Physiology and Metabolism
Recent determination of genome sequences for a wide range of bacteria has made in-depth knowledge of prokaryotic metabolic function essential in order to give biochemical, physiological, and ecological meaning to the genomic information. Clearly describing the important metabolic processes that occur in prokaryotes under different conditions and in different environments, this advanced text provides an overview of the key cellular processes that determine bacterial roles in the environment, biotechnology, and human health. Prokaryotic structure is described as well as the means by which nutrients are transported into cells across membranes. Glucose metabolism through glycolysis and the TCA cycle are discussed, as well as other trophic variations found in prokaryotes, including the use of organic compounds, anaerobic fermentation, anaerobic respiratory processes, and photosynthesis. The regulation of metabolism through control of gene expression and control of the activity of enzymes is also covered, as well as survival mechanisms used under starvation conditions.
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Membrane transport nutrient uptake and protein excretion
Tricarboxylic acid TCA cycle electron transport
oxidative phosphorylation 6 Biosynthesisandmicrobial growth 7 Heterotrophic metabolism on substrates other thanglucose 8 Anaerobic fermentation...
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2nd edn acetate acetylCoA activity aerobic amino acids anaerobic antiporter archaea archaeon Bacillus bacteria Bacterial Metabolism bacterium biosynthesis Biotechnology butyrate carbon cell wall citrate Clostridium Clostridium butyricum coenzyme complex compounds Current Opinion cytochrome cytoplasmic membrane decarboxylase dehydratase dehydrogenase electron acceptors electron transport EMP pathway enzyme Escherichia coli ethanol eukaryotes extracellular fatty acids FEMS Microbiology fermentation Figure free energy fumarate function genes genome glucose glucose6phosphate glutamate glyceraldehyde3phosphate glyoxylate Gottschalk Gramnegative bacteria Grampositive bacteria growth hydrolyzed hyperthermophilic inthe isocitrate Journal of Bacteriology kinase lactate lipid lyase malate metabolism methylotrophs Microbial Molecular Microbiology molecules murein NADH nitrogen nitrogenase nucleotide ofthe Opinion in Microbiology organisms outer membrane oxaloacetate oxidase oxidized oxidoreductase oxygen peptide periplasmic phosphate phospholipids phosphorylation polysaccharide precursors produce prokaryotes proteins proton motive force Pseudomonas pyruvate reaction catalyzed redox reduced reductase regulation ribosome Section Springer structure substrate succinate synthesized synthetase TCA cycle translocation Trends in Microbiology