Bahá'í Ethics in Light of Scripture: Volume 2: Virtues and Divine Commandments, Volume 2

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Udo Schaefer, 2007 - Bahai ethics - 800 pages
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There is a fundamental discrepancy between man as he is and man as he could be, if only he recognized his true being and purpose. Ethics is the discipline by which man can understand how he can pass from the first condition to the second. Udo Schaefer's Baha'i Ethics in Light of Scripture is an attempt to analyse the underlying structures and detect the interior architecture of the Baha'i moral system and is a step towards developing a Baha'i moral theology. Doctrinal Fundamentals, the first of two volumes, provides a historical overview of the Baha'i Faith, a systematic survey of it doctrines and an overview of the origin and derivation of moral values. It considers the metaphysical nature of human beings and human responsibilities, looks at reason and conscience, and explores liberty and its limits. Schaefer's second volume deals with concrete values - the virtues, divine commandments and principles of social ethics from a Baha'i perspective."
 

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Contents

Structures of the Moral Order
1
The Theocentric Virtues
33
Pride and Haughtiness
82
Resignation and SelfSurrender
83
Servitude and Teaching the Faith
84
Obedience
90
Trust in God
94
Thankfulness
98
Wisdom as a Virtue
371
Unwisdom Folly
375
The Power of MoralJudgement
380
Prudence and Consultation
382
Seeing the Consequences
384
Cunningness
385
The End does not Justify the Means
386
Precise Judgement
387

Piety
101
The Virtues of the Path
105
Detachment
108
Selflessness
110
SelfLove and SelfPreservation
113
Can Man be Selfless?
115
Selfishness and Related Vices
116
a Covetousness
118
b Avarice and Niggardliness
121
c Envy and Jealousy
122
Political Impacts
128
Purity and Holiness Cleanliness and Refinement
130
Inward Purity
132
Bodily Cleanliness
137
Refinement
142
The Preservation of Health
144
SelfMutilation Abortion Suicide
147
The Virtue of the Golden Mean
150
The Virtue of the Golden Mean
151
Moderation as Portrayed in the Holy Scriptures
154
Anger and Concupiscence
162
b Concupiscence
169
Panem et Circenses
171
Addiction
173
Intoxication as Reflected in Biblical Quránic and Canonical Buddhist Texts
181
Moderation as a Political Category
184
Chastity
185
The Pansexual Concept of Man
186
Manichean Traits in Christian Doctrine
191
Chastity in Biblical Quránic and Canonical Buddhist Texts
194
Chastity in Baháí Scripture
196
Concupiscence of the Eyes
198
Marriage
201
Adultery Pederasty Sodomy
205
The Standard of MoralJudgement
211
Divine Reformation
215
Uprightness Sincerity Honesty Trustworthiness Faithfulness Fidelity
216
Uprightness Sincerity
219
Honesty
221
Faithfulness Fidelity
223
Lying
235
Can Lying be Legitimate?
242
Hypocrisy
249
Concluding Remarks
255
The Worldly Virtues
259
Humility
261
On Human Dignity
264
What is Humility?
268
Social Impacts
271
Corrupted Humility
272
SelfRighteousness
275
No Criticism Allowed?
276
Modesty
278
Steadfastness Fortitude Constancy Courage Perseverance
279
Characteristics of Fortitude and Steadfastness
282
Patience and Forbearance
290
Audacity
293
Magnanimity
295
An Ethic of Work
297
No Boon without Toil
298
A Historical Survey
300
Work and Profession in the Scripture
307
Exertion and Relaxation
310
Diligence and Zeal
314
Exalted to the Rank of Worship
315
Respect Honour Reverence
317
Gratitude Thankfulness
323
Obedience
326
Obedience in Crisis
327
Obedience to Ones Parents
328
Bounds of Obedience
329
Tolerance
331
What is Tolerance?
333
On Toleration
335
Religious Fanaticism
336
Tolerance and the Proclamation of the Faith
340
Tolerance and Rival Claims to Truth
342
Tolerance within the Community
348
Courtesy Propriety
351
What is Courtesy?
355
Courtesy in Crisis
360
Courtesys Rank in the Scripture
362
Wisdom and Prudence
364
Wisdom Prudence and Reason
367
Wisdom as an Attribute of God
368
Prudence versus Casuistry
388
Imprudence
390
Prudence of the Tongue
391
Prudence in Demeanour
394
General Considerations
397
The Complexity of Justice
399
The Supreme Rank of Justice in Jewish Christian Islamic Baháí and Philosophical Thought
401
A Survey
405
The Metaphysical Dimension of Justice
407
A Divine Attribute
411
To be Good Means to be Just
412
Equality
413
Categories of Justice
416
The Fundament of the State
419
Tyranny and Anarchy
423
Forms of Government
424
Justice and Penal Law
425
The Citizens Obligations
427
Justice in Baháulláhs Scripture
429
The Metaphysics of Justice
432
An Entity
435
A Divine Attribute
436
Reward and Punishment
438
Equality
440
Inequality
441
The Concept ofAdl wa Inṣáf
443
Baháulláh and the State
446
Obedience towards Those in Authority
448
Religion and the Stability of Political Order
451
Bounds of Obedience
454
The Quintessence of Statesmanship
459
The Just Ruler
463
Ẓulm wa itiṣáf
464
Tyranny
465
Manifestations of Ẓulm
468
A Rule of Law
472
Impartiality
476
The Timelessness of Baháulláhs Statements
477
Justice and Penal Law
481
Capital Punishment
486
Guilt
489
Specific Expressions of Divine Justice
490
The Application of Force
491
Verbal Violations of Justice
495
Faultfinding
497
Mockery
498
Unseemly Talk
502
Cursing
503
Reviling
505
Backbiting and Calumny
507
Talebearing
518
Practical Issues
521
Justice as a Virtue
524
A Sense of Justice
526
Fair Judgement and Impartiality
529
Independent Search for Truth
530
Specific References to Fair Judgement
533
Personal Justice in the Mirror of Divine Commandments
546
Smallscale Justice
550
Righteousness
551
Justice and Love
553
Love
565
The Law of Attraction
566
Sensual Love
568
The Benevolent Love of Friendship
571
Love of Ones Neighbour
574
Dimensions of Love of Ones Neighbour
577
Scriptural Statements
580
An Excessive Morality?
581
The Love of Humankind
585
On Hatred
586
Benevolence and Beneficence
592
Mercy Compassion Forgiveness LovingKindness Clemency
595
The Compassion of the Messengers
597
A Virtue?
598
Mercy and Compassion According to the Scripture
601
An Expression of Mercy
605
Kindness and Clemency
609
Conclusion
645
Appendixes
653
Letter of the Universal House of Justice to the National Spiritual
689
Bibliography
701
Index of Names
733
General Index 0
741
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