Balancing Renewable Electricity: Energy Storage, Demand Side Management, and Network Extension from an Interdisciplinary Perspective

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Springer Science & Business Media, Feb 2, 2012 - Technology & Engineering - 256 pages
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An important aim behind the restructuring of Germany’s and Europe’s electricity systems is to reduce the environmental burden, especially with respect to greenhouse gas emissions, of the current systems. Emissions must be brought down to a level that is sustainable in the long run and consistent with greenhouse gas emission reduction goals. Meeting these goals will require a system (as best as current knowledge suggests) that will be able to cope simultaneously with the fundamental demands for economic efficiency, environmental sustainability and supply security. Making use of existing scenarios, this study sketches such a system. It focuses in particular on auxiliary systems such as energy storage methods and network extensions.
The study introduces technologies that can balance electricity in energy systems and that can serve as enabling technologies for the integration of large quantities of renewable energies in the power supply system. It begins with a discussion of normative aims for the future electricity system before continuing with a description of current policies and political developments and an overview of relevant existing energy system studies. These sections serve as background for the remainder of the study. They are followed by discussion and analysis of the growing demand for means to balance the fluctuations found in electricity generated in power systems with a high penetration of renewable energies, the potentials of diverse technologies, requirements for electrical networks, economic impacts and important legal issues. Finally, the main challenges to the achievement of developing balancing technologies and processes for renewable electricity-dominant systems are summarised and recommendations made.
 

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Contents

1 Introduction
1
2 Future Perspectives of Electrical Energy Supply
9
3 Existing Energy System Studies
37
4 Demand for Balancing Electrical Energy and Power
61
5 Technologies for Balancing Electrical Energy and Power
83
6 Technology of Electricity Networks and Economical Impacts
143
7 Economic Analysis and Policy
162
8 Legal Analysis of Balancing Strategies
179
9 Conclusions and Recommendations
213
References
223
Glossary
233
List of Authors
241
Appendix The Relation Between Emissionand LabourSaving Technical Change in an Optimal Growth Model with Emission Reduction Constraints
244
Further volumes of the series Ethics of Science and Technology Assessment Wissenschaftsethik und Technikfolgenbeurteilung
250
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