Balancing the National Interest: U.S. National Security Export Controls and Global Economic Competition
Panel on the Impact of National Security Controls on International Technology Transfer, Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy, National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine
National Academies Press, Jan 15, 1987 - Technology & Engineering - 295 pages
The U.S. national security export controls system--which was instituted to impede Soviet acquisition of high technology from the West--is both necessary and appropriate. Balancing the National Interest provides a thorough analysis of this controls system, examining the current system of laws, regulations, international agreements, and organizations that control the international transfer of technology through industrial channels. Foreign Affairs calls it "the best on the subject to have been published in the 40 years that the United States has exercised controls on exports that might add to Soviet power."
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2 Evidence on the Technology Transfer Problem
3 The Changing Global Economic and Technological Environment
4 The Dimensions of National Security Export Controls
5 An Assessment of US National Security Export Controls
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agencies allies approval assessment billion CoCom countries CoCom members Commerce Department competitive components consignees cooperation delegation Department of Commerce Department of Defense destinations distribution license diversion dual use technology equipment estimate European Export Administration Act Export Administration Regulations export control policy export license extraterritorial foreign availability foreign policy foreign sales high-technology impact important industry International List International Trade Administration Japan Japanese license applications maintain manufacturing national security export newly industrializing countries non-CoCom countries non-U.S. sources Office panel percent procedures products and technologies reexport authorization regulations requirements restrictions Science security export controls shipments significant Soviet acquisition Soviet bloc Soviet Union technical data technology transfer third countries trade U.S. companies U.S. Department U.S. export controls U.S. firms U.S. foreign U.S. government U.S. national security U.S. policy U.S.-origin United validated license Warsaw Pact West West Germany West-West Western technology