Balancing the National Interest: U.S. National Security Export Controls and Global Economic Competition

Front Cover

The U.S. national security export controls system--which was instituted to impede Soviet acquisition of high technology from the West--is both necessary and appropriate. Balancing the National Interest provides a thorough analysis of this controls system, examining the current system of laws, regulations, international agreements, and organizations that control the international transfer of technology through industrial channels. Foreign Affairs calls it "the best on the subject to have been published in the 40 years that the United States has exercised controls on exports that might add to Soviet power."


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Executive Summary 1
Introduction 28
Evidence on the Technology Transfer Problem 40
The Changing Global Economic and Technological Environment 54
The Dimensions of National Security Export Controls 70
An Assessment of US National Security Export Controls 103
An Assessment of the Multilateral Export Control System 135
Findings and Key Judgments of the Panel 150
Operation and Effects of US Export Licensing for National 221
Estimate of Direct Economic Costs Associated with US National Security Controls
E Glossary 278
F List of Acronyms 285
H Bibliography 297
Index 311

cies and Procedures
Recommendations of the Panel 167

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