Balancing the Scales: An Examination of the Manipulation and Transformation of Symbolic Concepts of Women
Marie A. Conn, Therese McGuire
University Press of America, 2003 - Social Science - 134 pages
Balancing the Scales, a book of essays by faculty members of Chestnut Hill College in Philadelphia, is an exploration of the manipulation and transformation of symbolic concepts of women. A multidisciplinary collection, representing Art History, English, Spanish Language and Literature, Psychology, and Theology, this book hopes to raise awareness of the historical perception of women before and after the so-called patriarchal revolution. In the eighth century BCE, the Greek poet Hesiod changed the character of Pandora, a manifestation of the Great Earth Mother, into Pandora, the bringer of evil. This fundamental change in the nature of the female archetype influenced the biblical writers and their depiction of Eve. In the medieval period, artistic renderings of the Whore of Babylon and the Woman Clothed with the Sun resulted in cultic images of women as either whore (Eve) or pure virgin (Mary). The apparitions and miraculous images of the Black Madonna at Montserrat and Guadalupe show the persistence of the divine feminine in popular culture even as institutional religion denies her existence. The story of Cleopatra breaks open the question of why strong women are seen as frightening. The essays conclude with psychological study of the imbalance induced by millennia of patriarchal domination, resulting in the loss of the sacred feminine.
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Pandora and Eve The Manipulation and Transformation of Female Archetypes
Symbolic Images of Women The Whore of Babylon and the Woman Clothed with the Sun
Am I Not Your Mother? Identity and Resistance at Tepeyac and Montserrat
Paler by Comparison Shadows of Cleopatra in NineteenthCentury Representations of the New Woman Vampire
Adam ancient Antony Apocalypse archetype Baring and Cashford becomes Begg Bible biblical Black Madonna Campbell Catholic century Christ Christabel Christian church Cleopatra Coleridge's created creation crown cult culture death divine dominant dragon earth Elizabeth Ellen Terry embodies emerging evil evolution female figure Genesis Geraldine Gerona Greek Guadalupe Guadalupe-Tonantzin harlot Herrad Hesiod Hortus Deliciarum human interpretation Jesus Joseph Campbell Jung Lady lamia living Lonnquist Lucy Westenra Macbeth Magdalen male Markale Mary medieval monastery Montserrat Morgan Beatus mother goddess mother of Jesus myth mythical mythology nature nineteenth-century original original sin Pandora patriarchal person poem political Prometheus psyche Queen relationship religion religious Rene Hague represents role Roman sacred feminine serpent seven heads sexual Shakespeare's Spanish spiritual Stoker's story Straub symbol Teilhard de Chardin Tepeyac Terry's Tonantzin tradition trans transcendent unconscious University Press vampire Victorian vision Whore of Babylon Woman Clothed women worship Yahweh York