Balancing the National Interest: U.S. National Security Export Controls and Global Economic Competition
National Academies, 1987 - History - 321 pages
The U.S. national security export controls system--which was instituted to impede Soviet acquisition of high technology from the West--is both necessary and appropriate. Balancing the National Interest provides a thorough analysis of this controls system, examining the current system of laws, regulations, international agreements, and organizations that control the international transfer of technology through industrial channels. Foreign Affairs calls it "the best on the subject to have been published in the 40 years that the United States has exercised controls on exports that might add to Soviet power."
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amendment approval areas authority Beijing Canada China Daily Chinese CoCom countries commodities Congress consignees Control List Corporation Corporation Ministry country group customers decontrol Department of Commerce Department of Defense destination distribution license holder dual EAR Section economic electronics end-use equipment Export Administration Regulations export control policy export license extraterritorial FBIS-Daily Report foreign availability foreign nationals foreign technology Free World high-technology import certificate industry integrated circuits International issues ITAR Japan Japanese license requirements licensing controls MCTL ment microprocessors military Ministry national security export nuclear percent product cycles proposal reexport regulations restrictions scientists and engineers security export controls semiconductor shipments Soviet Union technical data technology imports technology transfer tion trade U.S. companies U.S. Control U.S. export control U.S. firms U.S. government U.S. national security U.S. Senate U.S.-origin United United Kingdom validated license VHSIC Yes Yes Yes Zhang Aiping