Baltica & Balto-Slavica

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Rodopi, 2009 - Foreign Language Study - 440 pages
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This volume offers a discussion of the phonological, accentological and morphological development of the Baltic languages and their Indo-European origins. The first half of this book is about Baltic historical phonology and morphology and the second half is about Prussian. The emphasis is on the relative chronology of sound changes and on the development of the flexional and derivational categories of nouns, pronouns and verbs. It is argued that the Balto-Slavic acute tone was a glottal stop which developed from the Indo-European laryngeals and from Winter s law and that the original circumflex continues other vocalic sequences. Special points of attention are the gen.pl. endings, and /j stems, and thematic and athematic present endings. The second half of the book contains a comparative analysis of the three Prussian catechisms, resulting in the conclusion that they represent three consecutive stages of a real linguistic system. It includes a discussion of the Prussian accent shift, initial vowels, diphthongs, infinitives, verb classes, participles and traces of ablauting paradigms. The final part of the book offers a full linguistic interpretation of the three Prussian catechisms on the basis of the preceding chapters, followed by a list of references and a word index. The book is of interest to Balticists, Slavicists, Indo-Europeanists, and other historical linguists."
 

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Contents

Innovations which betray archaisms
13
Shortening and metatony in the Lithuanian future
19
IndoEuropean palatovelars before resonants in BaltoSlavic
27
Three problems of BaltoSlavic phonology
33
The development of the IndoEuropean syllabic resonants in Balto
39
Long vowels in BaltoSlavic
51
PIE lengthened grade in BaltoSlavic
61
Winters law again
73
The development of the Prussian language in the 16th century
195
Two Old Prussian fragments
215
Paragogic e in the Old Prussian epigram
221
An analysis of the Prussian First Catechism
229
The linguistic position of the Prussian Second Catechism
237
Double consonants in Old Prussian
247
Initial a and e in Old Prussian
255
Old Prussian diphthongs
265

Some news travels slowly
81
Miscellaneous remarks on BaltoSlavic accentuation
87
BaltoSlavic accentual mobility
93
Accent retraction and tonogenesis
103
Morphology
112
Gothic gen pl e
125
Old Prussian snd Lithuanian sena Latvian sana
137
Tokie salti rytai
147
Slavic imamb
167
The etymology of Latvian nakt to come
181
Philology
189
The formation of the Old Prussian present tense
275
The Old Prussian preterit
283
Old Prussian verb classes
287
Old Prussian verb classes reconsidered
293
Old Prussian numerals
301
The Old Prussian personal endings 37
307
The Prussian Enchiridion 1561
317
References
371
On the history of the genitive plural in Slavic Baltic Germanic
380
Index
399
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About the author (2009)

Frederik Kortlandt is Professor of descriptive and comparative linguistics at the University of Leiden in the Netherlands. He has published widely on Baltic, Slavic, Germanic, Celtic, Armenian and other languages and on linguistic theory. His publications include Modelling the phoneme (1972), Slavic accentuation (1975), Armeniaca (2003), Italo-Celtic origins and prehistoric development of the Irish language (2007), and numerous articles in Baltistica, Res Balticae, Linguistica Baltica, Baltu Filolo ija, Studies in Slavic and General Linguistics, Historische Sprachforschung, Journal of Indo-European Studies, Lingua, and other journals and edited volumes.